Introduction of an ultrathin (2 nm) film of cobalt oxide (CoOx) onto n-Si photoanodes prior to sputter-deposition of a thick multifunctional NiOx coating yields stable photoelectrodes with photocurrent-onset potentials of ∼-240 mV relative to the equilibrium potential for O2(g) evolution and current densities of ∼28 mA cm-2 at the equilibrium potential for water oxidation when in contact with 1.0 M KOH(aq) under 1 sun of simulated solar illumination. The photoelectrochemical performance of these electrodes was very close to the Shockley diode limit for moderately doped n-Si(100) photoelectrodes, and was comparable to that of typical protected Si photoanodes that contained np+ buried homojunctions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering