Intrinsic activities and pore diffusion effect in hydrocarbon cracking in steamed y zeolite

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Abstract

In the literature, it has been shown that the hydrocarbon cracking activity of a zeolite particle can be greatly enhanced by steam treatment. The extent of enhancement depends on the process condition. Recently, it has been shown that under conditions where the reaction is dominated by the monomolecular mechanism, the turnover frequency and the intrinsic activation energy for cracking are practically unchanged by steaming. However, a much larger difference in activity can be observed under conditions where bimolecular and oligomeric cracking dominate. Thus, the phenomenon of enhanced activity by steaming can be explained by the possibility that the bimolecular and oligomeric cracking reactions are pore diffusion-limited. Steaming generates defects in the zeolite particle, increases the external surface area for diffusion, which then leads to the large enhancement in the observed activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalStudies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Volume122
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Zeolites
Hydrocarbons
hydrocarbons
porosity
Steam
Activation energy
Defects
augmentation
steam
activation energy
defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis

Cite this

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abstract = "In the literature, it has been shown that the hydrocarbon cracking activity of a zeolite particle can be greatly enhanced by steam treatment. The extent of enhancement depends on the process condition. Recently, it has been shown that under conditions where the reaction is dominated by the monomolecular mechanism, the turnover frequency and the intrinsic activation energy for cracking are practically unchanged by steaming. However, a much larger difference in activity can be observed under conditions where bimolecular and oligomeric cracking dominate. Thus, the phenomenon of enhanced activity by steaming can be explained by the possibility that the bimolecular and oligomeric cracking reactions are pore diffusion-limited. Steaming generates defects in the zeolite particle, increases the external surface area for diffusion, which then leads to the large enhancement in the observed activity.",
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journal = "Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis",
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AB - In the literature, it has been shown that the hydrocarbon cracking activity of a zeolite particle can be greatly enhanced by steam treatment. The extent of enhancement depends on the process condition. Recently, it has been shown that under conditions where the reaction is dominated by the monomolecular mechanism, the turnover frequency and the intrinsic activation energy for cracking are practically unchanged by steaming. However, a much larger difference in activity can be observed under conditions where bimolecular and oligomeric cracking dominate. Thus, the phenomenon of enhanced activity by steaming can be explained by the possibility that the bimolecular and oligomeric cracking reactions are pore diffusion-limited. Steaming generates defects in the zeolite particle, increases the external surface area for diffusion, which then leads to the large enhancement in the observed activity.

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