Ionic conductivity in branched polyethylenimine-sodium trifluoromethanesulfonate complexes. Comparisons to analogous complexes made with linear polyethylenimine

Caroline S. Harris, Mark A Ratner, Duward F. Shriver

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Abstract

Complexes between branched polyethylenimine and NaSO3CF3 were formed with a polymer repeat unit to salt ratio of 6:1, 12:1, and 20:1. All three complexes are amorphous in contrast to linear polyethylenimine which forms partially crystalline complexes at ratios above 6:1 (lower salt concentrations). The 6:1 complex of branched polyethylenimine has a higher Tg (12°C) and a lower conductivity (10-8 S/cm at 40°C) than the corresponding complex of linear polyethylenimine (-5°C and 10-7 S/cm). The glass transition temperature of the polymer-salt complex decreases by 43 deg upon decreasing the salt concentration from that of the 6:1 complex to that of the 20:1 complex. Correspondingly, the conductivity of the 20:1 complex at 40°C is 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of the 6:1 complex. N-H stretching frequencies of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their polymer-salt complexes were studied by infrared spectroscopy. An increase in frequency of the N-H stretching mode of both polymers is seen upon complex formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1778-1781
Number of pages4
JournalMacromolecules
Volume20
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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Polyethyleneimine
Ionic conductivity
Salts
Sodium
Polymers
Stretching
Infrared spectroscopy
trifluoromethanesulfonic acid
Crystalline materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ionic conductivity in branched polyethylenimine-sodium trifluoromethanesulfonate complexes. Comparisons to analogous complexes made with linear polyethylenimine. / Harris, Caroline S.; Ratner, Mark A; Shriver, Duward F.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 20, No. 8, 1987, p. 1778-1781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Complexes between branched polyethylenimine and NaSO3CF3 were formed with a polymer repeat unit to salt ratio of 6:1, 12:1, and 20:1. All three complexes are amorphous in contrast to linear polyethylenimine which forms partially crystalline complexes at ratios above 6:1 (lower salt concentrations). The 6:1 complex of branched polyethylenimine has a higher Tg (12°C) and a lower conductivity (10-8 S/cm at 40°C) than the corresponding complex of linear polyethylenimine (-5°C and 10-7 S/cm). The glass transition temperature of the polymer-salt complex decreases by 43 deg upon decreasing the salt concentration from that of the 6:1 complex to that of the 20:1 complex. Correspondingly, the conductivity of the 20:1 complex at 40°C is 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of the 6:1 complex. N-H stretching frequencies of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their polymer-salt complexes were studied by infrared spectroscopy. An increase in frequency of the N-H stretching mode of both polymers is seen upon complex formation.

AB - Complexes between branched polyethylenimine and NaSO3CF3 were formed with a polymer repeat unit to salt ratio of 6:1, 12:1, and 20:1. All three complexes are amorphous in contrast to linear polyethylenimine which forms partially crystalline complexes at ratios above 6:1 (lower salt concentrations). The 6:1 complex of branched polyethylenimine has a higher Tg (12°C) and a lower conductivity (10-8 S/cm at 40°C) than the corresponding complex of linear polyethylenimine (-5°C and 10-7 S/cm). The glass transition temperature of the polymer-salt complex decreases by 43 deg upon decreasing the salt concentration from that of the 6:1 complex to that of the 20:1 complex. Correspondingly, the conductivity of the 20:1 complex at 40°C is 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of the 6:1 complex. N-H stretching frequencies of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their polymer-salt complexes were studied by infrared spectroscopy. An increase in frequency of the N-H stretching mode of both polymers is seen upon complex formation.

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