Key structural and defect chemical aspects of Cd-In-Sn-O transparent conducting oxides

T. O. Mason, D. R. Kammler, B. J. Ingram, G. B. Gonzalez, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

17 Citations (Scopus)


The equilibrium phase diagram (1175 °C in air), solubility ranges and room temperature physical properties (electrical, optical) were established for the various n-type transparent conductors in the CdO-In2O 3-SnO2 system. Extended solubility ranges were found to exist at constant Cd/Sn ratio for the bixbyite, spinel and orthorhombic perovskite phases. This is attributed to the isovalent and nearly size-matched nature of the co-substitution. Still larger solubility ranges were found for metastably-processed thin films. Co-doped bixyite and spinel phases were found to be inherently off-stoichiometric with respect to cation composition, leading to self-doped n-type character, in bulk and films. A correlation was found between optimized conductivity in the various phases and the density of octahedral Cd, In and/or Sn species in their crystal structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-192
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2003
EventProceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Transparent Oxide - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: Apr 10 2003Apr 11 2003



  • Bixbyite
  • Cd-In-Sn-O system
  • Perovskite
  • Spinel
  • Transparent conducting oxide (TCO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Mason, T. O., Kammler, D. R., Ingram, B. J., Gonzalez, G. B., Young, D. L., & Coutts, T. J. (2003). Key structural and defect chemical aspects of Cd-In-Sn-O transparent conducting oxides. Thin Solid Films, 445(2), 186-192.