Kinetic studies of ligand substitution rates for the Ru(NH3)5(H2O)2+ ion in Nafion films

Charles M. Lieber, Michael H. Schmidt, Nathan S Lewis

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Abstract

Substitution rates have been measured for reaction of a number of pyridines with the Nafion-bound Ru(NH3)5(H2O)2+ complex. Reaction activities have been determined by electrochemical techniques, which also allow for determination of site thermodynamics and heterogeneity during the course of the reaction. Diffusion-coefficient effects are investigated by variation in polymer film thickness, and partition coefficients have been determined under equilibrium conditions by optical absorbance techniques. The partition-coefficient corrected rate law is found to be first order in Nafion-bound [RuII] and first order in ligand concentration in the polymer phase. The partition-coefficient corrected bimolecular rate constants for a variety of pyridine ligands are found to vary by a factor of 5, which contrasts with the relatively constant substitution rates observed in aquaeous solution. Also, sterically hindered ligand, such as 2-propylpyridine, exhibit surprisingly high substitution rate constants on the Nafion-bound RuII ion. These rate data indicate that pronounced molecular reactivity changes can occur upon electrode modification and have implications with respect to the design of chemically modified electrodes for use in electrocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6103-6108
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume108
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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