Laser cooling in the condensed phase by frequency up-conversion

J. L. Clark, G. Rumbles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)


Frequency up-conversion has been observed in fluid solutions of the laser dye, rhodamine 101, when excited at 1.96 eV into the low energy absorption tail 0.15 eV from the 0-0 band origin. The emission intensity is temperature dependent and is demonstrated to be an excellent measurement of the temperature of the sample. We show for the first time how intense laser irradiation in this spectral region leads to the removal of thermal energy by the frequency up-conversion process, and thus lowers the temperature of the sample. A decrease in temperature at a rate of 0.7 K h-1 is demonstrated for a sample with a 3 J K-1 heat capacity, when irradiated with 350 mW of laser light at 1.96 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2040
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Laser cooling in the condensed phase by frequency up-conversion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this