Layer-by-layer fabrication of oriented porous thin films based on porphyrin-containing metal-organic frameworks

Monica C. So, Shengye Jin, Ho Jin Son, Gary P. Wiederrecht, Omar K. Farha, Joseph T Hupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)


We report the synthesis and characterization of two thin films (DA-MOF and L2-MOF) of porphyrin-based MOFs on functionalized surfaces using a layer-by-layer (LbL) approach. Profilometry measurements confirm that the film thickness increases systematically with number of growth cycles. Polarization excitation and fluorescence measurements indicate that the porphyrin units are preferentially oriented, while X-ray reflectivity scans point to periodic ordering. Ellipsometry measurements show that the films are highly porous. Since there are currently few methods capable of yielding microporous MOFs containing accessible free-base porphyrins, it is noteworthy that the LbL growth permits direct MOF incorporation of unmetalated porphyrins. Long-range energy transfer is demonstrated for both MOF films. The findings offer useful insights for subsequent fabrication of MOF-based solar energy conversion devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15698-15701
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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