Limitation of the magnetic-circular-dichroism spin sum rule for transition metals and importance of the magnetic dipole term

Ruqian Wu, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

250 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic-circular-dichroism (MCD) spectra and the spin magnetic dipole term (Tz) for bulk 3d transition metals and their surfaces were calculated from full potential linearized augmented plane wave electronic band structure results. The recently proposed MCD spin sum rule is found to result in a much larger error [of up to 50% for the Ni(001) surface] than does its orbital counterpart. In support of recent experiments for bulk, we find that by combining the MCD orbital and spin sum rules the ratio of spin and orbital moments can be determined from the MCD spectra even for low dimension systems with an error of 10% when the contribution is included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1994-1997
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume73
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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magnetic dipoles
sum rules
dichroism
transition metals
orbitals
plane waves
moments
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Magnetic-circular-dichroism (MCD) spectra and the spin magnetic dipole term (Tz) for bulk 3d transition metals and their surfaces were calculated from full potential linearized augmented plane wave electronic band structure results. The recently proposed MCD spin sum rule is found to result in a much larger error [of up to 50{\%} for the Ni(001) surface] than does its orbital counterpart. In support of recent experiments for bulk, we find that by combining the MCD orbital and spin sum rules the ratio of spin and orbital moments can be determined from the MCD spectra even for low dimension systems with an error of 10{\%} when the contribution is included.",
author = "Ruqian Wu and Freeman, {Arthur J}",
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AB - Magnetic-circular-dichroism (MCD) spectra and the spin magnetic dipole term (Tz) for bulk 3d transition metals and their surfaces were calculated from full potential linearized augmented plane wave electronic band structure results. The recently proposed MCD spin sum rule is found to result in a much larger error [of up to 50% for the Ni(001) surface] than does its orbital counterpart. In support of recent experiments for bulk, we find that by combining the MCD orbital and spin sum rules the ratio of spin and orbital moments can be determined from the MCD spectra even for low dimension systems with an error of 10% when the contribution is included.

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