Electron-injection dynamics of dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells depend on the length of the linker connecting the molecular photosensitizer to the metal oxide electron acceptor. However, systematic studies of the effect of chromophore-oxide distance are scarce. Here we present the synthesis, characterization, spectroscopy, and computational modeling of electron-injection dynamics from free-base trimesitylporphyrins with varying linker lengths into tin(IV) oxide (SnO2). In each system, the porphyrin core and metal oxide film remain the same while only the linker binding the porphyrin to the carboxylate anchor group is varied. A length range spanning 8.5-17.2 Å is studied by employing phenylene, biphenylene, terphenylene, and benzanilide groups as the linker. We find a clear correlation between linker length and injection rates, providing insights that will be exploited in the optimization of dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cells. (Chemical Equation Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films