Local structures of copper-doped ZnO films

Qing Ma, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. H. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the local structures of a series of copper-doped zinc oxide films using polarization-dependent x-ray-absorption spectroscopy. The films were grown by pulsed-laser ablation under various conditions. The results show that films where copper exists solely as clusters are not ferromagnetic. The results also show that some of the copper-doped zinc oxide films are not ferromagnetic despite the fact that the copper substitution for zinc in the ZnO lattice is in the Cu2+ state, which provides the necessary unpaired spins for ferromagnetism. Therefore, Cu2+/Zn2+ substitution is not the only imperative condition for ferromagnetism to occur. We present characteristics unique to the electronic and atomic structure of ferromagnetic films and argue that the increased covalence of the CuZn -O bond found in these films is a prerequisite for the spin alignments in a substitutionally copper-doped zinc oxide film.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214429
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

Copper
Zinc Oxide
copper
Zinc oxide
zinc oxides
Oxide films
oxide films
Ferromagnetism
ferromagnetism
Substitution reactions
substitutes
covalence
Crystal atomic structure
ferromagnetic films
Laser ablation
Pulsed lasers
Absorption spectroscopy
x ray absorption
atomic structure
x ray spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Local structures of copper-doped ZnO films. / Ma, Qing; Buchholz, D. Bruce; Chang, Robert P. H.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 78, No. 21, 214429, 01.12.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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