LSPR imaging of silver triangular nanoprisms: Correlating scattering with structure using electrodynamics for plasmon lifetime analysis

Martin G. Blaber, Anne Isabelle Henry, Julia M. Bingham, George C Schatz, Richard P. Van Duyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, an investigation into the optical response of truncated and nontruncated Ag triangular nanoprisms is presented. Single particle darkfield microspectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) are performed to obtain an overview of the relationship between plasmonic properties and nanoparticle structure. A general framework is built to describe the optical response (resonant wavelength λ max and full width at half maximum (fwhm)) of triangle nanoprisms in a size regime (60-140 nm edge length) that has not been investigated previously at this level of detail. The discrete dipole approximation is used to infer the thickness of individual nanoprisms from λ max measurements, thereby determining three-dimensional structures derived from two-dimensional TEM images. This additional structural information allowed the various contributions to the fwhm to be deconvoluted and analyzed. It is shown that electron-interface scattering, radiative damping, and bulk damping each make similar contributions to the plasmon width of the triangular prisms for the sizes considered in this work. Surface scattering is found to be seriously overestimated if it is assumed that electron collisions with all prism surfaces lead to dephasing. Reasonable comparisons between theory and experiment are found if it is assumed that only electron collisions involving motions parallel to the plane of the prism lead to dephasing. Substrate effects make a comparatively small contribution to the fwhm. Additionally, it is shown that the optical constants of Johnson and Christy [Phys. Rev. B1972, 6, 4370] provide the best match to the experimental data. We conclude by presenting the design rules for producing Ag triangular nanoparticles with narrow plasmon resonances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-403
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 12 2012

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Electrodynamics
Prisms
Full width at half maximum
Silver
electrodynamics
silver
Scattering
prisms
Imaging techniques
life (durability)
Electrons
Damping
scattering
Nanoparticles
Transmission electron microscopy
Surface scattering
electron scattering
Optical constants
damping
nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

LSPR imaging of silver triangular nanoprisms : Correlating scattering with structure using electrodynamics for plasmon lifetime analysis. / Blaber, Martin G.; Henry, Anne Isabelle; Bingham, Julia M.; Schatz, George C; Van Duyne, Richard P.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, No. 1, 12.01.2012, p. 393-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blaber, Martin G. ; Henry, Anne Isabelle ; Bingham, Julia M. ; Schatz, George C ; Van Duyne, Richard P. / LSPR imaging of silver triangular nanoprisms : Correlating scattering with structure using electrodynamics for plasmon lifetime analysis. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2012 ; Vol. 116, No. 1. pp. 393-403.
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