Magnetic ground state of metallic hydrogen and lithium in the low-density limit

B. I. Min, T. Oguchi, H. J F Jansen, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The nature of the magnetic instabilities in an electron gas at low densities is investigated by means of local spin-density determinations of the electronic and magnetic properties of monoatomic alkali-metal materials in the low-density limit. The total energy and band structures of the paramagnetic, ferromagnetic, and antiferromagnetic phases of H and Li were calculated using the linearized muffin-tin orbital method and the full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. The different instabilities and the corresponding metal-insulator transitions are discussed. A stable antiferromagnetic phase is obtained for metallic H, and a stable ferromagnetic phase for metallic Li. A Stoner-factor calculation for all the alkali metals shows the exceptional behavior of H.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-329
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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