High-magnetic-field-Mössbauer and magnetic-moment experiments have been performed with Ga2-xFexO3. This magnetic system is of considerable interest because it is piezoelectric, weakly magnetic,1 and magnetoelectric.2 The crystal structure has been determined3 and a magnetic ordering inferred.3 The magnetic-moment measurements were made using a vibrating sample magnetometer in fields up to 75 kOe. The samples used for the Mössbauer absorption experiments consisted of 57Fe enriched powders, grown from a flux, embedded in lucite, and having x=0.8 and 1.2. A mosaic absorber made of small x-ray oriented single crystals was also studied. Measurements were made over the temperature range 4.2°to 320°K and in external magnetic fields up to 130 kOe. At low temperatures the zero-external field-absorption spectra indicate that there are at least two magnetically nonequivalent sites. In a large external field the hyperfine spectrum lines corresponding to Δm=0 vanish, while each of the outer lines (corresponding to Δm=±1) splits into two well-resolved components of unequal intensity. Detailed analysis of the experimental results for both the single crystal and polycrystalline absorbers indicates that at zero external field all spins lie in the a-c plane (c<a<b), that the observed moment is due to ferrimagnetism4 rather than to a canted spin structure, and that the spins are unequally divided between the two sublattices. A detailed account of these measurements will be published elsewhere.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)