Magnetism in MnxGe1-x semiconductors mediated by impurity band carriers

A. P. Li, J. F. Wendelken, J. Shen, L. C. Feldman, J. R. Thompson, H. H. Weitering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)


We present a comprehensive study of ferromagnetism and magnetotransport in Mn-doped germanium, grown with molecular-beam epitaxy. Ferromagnetism in MnxGe1-x (0<x<0.09) is characterized by two different ordering temperatures TC and TC* with TC TC*. The onset of global ferromagnetic order at TC coincides with the percolation threshold for (activated) charge transport. Magnetism between TC and TC* originates from "clustered dopants" associated with inhomogeneities. The ferromagnetic ordering temperature within the clusters is of order TC* while the coupling between the clusters is mediated by thermally activated carriers moving in an impurity band. The magnetoresistance exhibits nonmonotonic temperature and magnetic field dependence; both negative and positive magnetoresistance contributions are observed. The anomalous Hall effect between TC and TC* appears to be influenced heavily by the large magnetoresistance. The normal and anomalous Hall coefficients both diverge at low temperature. All these observations indicate that MnxGe1-x is most adequately described within an impurity band model where the ratio J t of the Mn hole exchange J and hole hopping t is large.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195205
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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