Measuring distances in proteins by saturation-recovery epr

Donald J. Hirsh, Gary W. Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


We describe a protocol for detecting electron spin-spin interactions between a radical and a metal ion in a protein or protein complex by saturation-recovery electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). This protocol can be used with a protein containing an endogenous metal center and either an endogenous or synthetic radical species. We suggest a two-step approach whereby dipole-dipole or exchange interactions are first detected by continuous-wave EPR experiments and then quantified by saturation-recovery EPR. The latter measurements make it possible to measure long distances to within a few /Angstroms. The protocol for making distance measurements by saturation-recovery EPR will take approximately 6 days to complete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1770-1781
Number of pages12
JournalNature Protocols
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 28 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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