Mechanism of irreversible inhibition of O2 evolution in photosystem II by tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane

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The dark reaction of tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris) with the O2-evolving center of photosystem II (PSII) in the S1 state causes irreversible inhibition of O2 evolution. Similar inhibition is observed for several other amines: NH3, CH3NH2, (CH3)2NH, ethanolamine, and 2-amino-2-ethyl-1,3-propanediol. In PSII membranes, both depleted of the 17- and 23-kDa polypeptides and undepleted, the rate of reaction of Tris depends inversely upon the Cl- concentration. However, the rate of reaction of Tris is about 2-fold greater with PSII membranes depleted of the 17- and 23-kDa polypeptides than with undepleted PSII membranes. We have used low-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to study the effect of Tris on the oxidation state of the Mn complex in the O2-evolving center, to monitor the electron-donation reactions in Tris-treated samples, and to observe any loss of the Mn complex (forming Mn2+ ions) after Tris treatment. We find that Tris treatment causes loss of electron-donation ability from the Mn complex at the same rate as inhibition of O2 evolution and that Mn2+ ions are released. We conclude that Tris reduces the Mn complex to labile Mn2+ ions, without generating any kinetically stable, partially reduced intermediates, and that the reaction occurs at the Cl--sensitive site previously characterized in studies of the reversible inhibition of O2 evolution by amines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7888-7894
Number of pages7
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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