Mechanistic insights into catalytic H 2 oxidation by Ni complexes containing a diphosphine ligand with a positioned amine base

Jenny Y. Yang, R Morris Bullock, Wendy J. Shaw, Brendan Twamley, Kendra Fraze, M. Rakowski DuBois, Daniel L DuBois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The mixed-ligand complex [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 3, (where P ph 2N Bz 2 is 1,5-dibenzyl-3,7- diphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane and dppp is 1,3- bis(diphenylphosphino)propane) has been synthesized. Treatment of this complex with H 2 and triethylamine results in the formation of the Ni° complex, Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2), 4, whose structure has been determined by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. Heterolytic cleavage of H 2 by 3 at room temperature forms [HNi(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz(μ-H)N Bz)](BF 4) 2, 5a, in which one proton interacts with two nitrogen atoms of the cyclic diphosphine ligand and a hydride ligand is bound to nickel. Two intermediates are observed for this reaction using low-temperature NMR spectroscopy. One species is a dihydride, [(H) 2Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 5b, and the other is [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2H 2)](BF 4) 2, 5c, in which both protons are bound to the N atoms in an endo geometry with respect to nickel. These two species interconvert via a rapid and reversible intramolecular proton exchange between nickel and the nitrogen atoms of the diphosphine ligand. Complex 3 is a catalyst for the electrochemical oxidation of H 2 in the presence of base, and new insights into the mechanism derived from low-temperature NMR and thermodynamic studies are presented. A comparison of the rate and thermodynamics of H 2 addition for this complex to related catalysts studied previously indicates that for Ni" complexes containing two diphosphine ligands, the activation of H 2 is favored by the presence of two positioned pendant bases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5935-5945
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume131
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 29 2009

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Amines
Ligands
Oxidation
Nickel
Protons
Atoms
Thermodynamics
Nitrogen
Temperature
Catalysts
Electrochemical oxidation
Propane
Hydrides
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Ion exchange
X-Ray Diffraction
Chemical activation
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Single crystals
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Mechanistic insights into catalytic H 2 oxidation by Ni complexes containing a diphosphine ligand with a positioned amine base. / Yang, Jenny Y.; Bullock, R Morris; Shaw, Wendy J.; Twamley, Brendan; Fraze, Kendra; DuBois, M. Rakowski; DuBois, Daniel L.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, No. 16, 29.04.2009, p. 5935-5945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Jenny Y. ; Bullock, R Morris ; Shaw, Wendy J. ; Twamley, Brendan ; Fraze, Kendra ; DuBois, M. Rakowski ; DuBois, Daniel L. / Mechanistic insights into catalytic H 2 oxidation by Ni complexes containing a diphosphine ligand with a positioned amine base. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2009 ; Vol. 131, No. 16. pp. 5935-5945.
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abstract = "The mixed-ligand complex [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 3, (where P ph 2N Bz 2 is 1,5-dibenzyl-3,7- diphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane and dppp is 1,3- bis(diphenylphosphino)propane) has been synthesized. Treatment of this complex with H 2 and triethylamine results in the formation of the Ni° complex, Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2), 4, whose structure has been determined by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. Heterolytic cleavage of H 2 by 3 at room temperature forms [HNi(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz(μ-H)N Bz)](BF 4) 2, 5a, in which one proton interacts with two nitrogen atoms of the cyclic diphosphine ligand and a hydride ligand is bound to nickel. Two intermediates are observed for this reaction using low-temperature NMR spectroscopy. One species is a dihydride, [(H) 2Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 5b, and the other is [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2H 2)](BF 4) 2, 5c, in which both protons are bound to the N atoms in an endo geometry with respect to nickel. These two species interconvert via a rapid and reversible intramolecular proton exchange between nickel and the nitrogen atoms of the diphosphine ligand. Complex 3 is a catalyst for the electrochemical oxidation of H 2 in the presence of base, and new insights into the mechanism derived from low-temperature NMR and thermodynamic studies are presented. A comparison of the rate and thermodynamics of H 2 addition for this complex to related catalysts studied previously indicates that for Ni{"} complexes containing two diphosphine ligands, the activation of H 2 is favored by the presence of two positioned pendant bases.",
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AU - DuBois, M. Rakowski

AU - DuBois, Daniel L

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AB - The mixed-ligand complex [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 3, (where P ph 2N Bz 2 is 1,5-dibenzyl-3,7- diphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane and dppp is 1,3- bis(diphenylphosphino)propane) has been synthesized. Treatment of this complex with H 2 and triethylamine results in the formation of the Ni° complex, Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2), 4, whose structure has been determined by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. Heterolytic cleavage of H 2 by 3 at room temperature forms [HNi(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz(μ-H)N Bz)](BF 4) 2, 5a, in which one proton interacts with two nitrogen atoms of the cyclic diphosphine ligand and a hydride ligand is bound to nickel. Two intermediates are observed for this reaction using low-temperature NMR spectroscopy. One species is a dihydride, [(H) 2Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2)](BF 4) 2, 5b, and the other is [Ni(dppp)(P ph 2N Bz 2H 2)](BF 4) 2, 5c, in which both protons are bound to the N atoms in an endo geometry with respect to nickel. These two species interconvert via a rapid and reversible intramolecular proton exchange between nickel and the nitrogen atoms of the diphosphine ligand. Complex 3 is a catalyst for the electrochemical oxidation of H 2 in the presence of base, and new insights into the mechanism derived from low-temperature NMR and thermodynamic studies are presented. A comparison of the rate and thermodynamics of H 2 addition for this complex to related catalysts studied previously indicates that for Ni" complexes containing two diphosphine ligands, the activation of H 2 is favored by the presence of two positioned pendant bases.

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