Mechanistic investigations of nanometer-scale lithography at liquid-covered graphite surfaces

Reginald M. Penner, Michael J. Heben, Nathan S Lewis, Calvin F. Quate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulse-induced nanometer-scale lithography has been performed on graphite surfaces that were in contact with pure water or other organic liquids. Very reproducible control over the pit diameter was observed in aqueous solutions, and a well-defined voltage threshold (4.0±0.2 V) was also apparent. Near the threshold voltage, 7 Å diameter×2 Å high protrusions were formed, while larger initial pulse voltages resulted in pits of diameter>20 Å.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1389-1391
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume58
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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threshold voltage
lithography
graphite
organic liquids
liquids
pulses
aqueous solutions
electric potential
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mechanistic investigations of nanometer-scale lithography at liquid-covered graphite surfaces. / Penner, Reginald M.; Heben, Michael J.; Lewis, Nathan S; Quate, Calvin F.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 58, No. 13, 1991, p. 1389-1391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Penner, Reginald M. ; Heben, Michael J. ; Lewis, Nathan S ; Quate, Calvin F. / Mechanistic investigations of nanometer-scale lithography at liquid-covered graphite surfaces. In: Applied Physics Letters. 1991 ; Vol. 58, No. 13. pp. 1389-1391.
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