Mesoporous activated carbon fibers synthesized from denim fabric waste

Efficient adsorbents for removal of textile dye from aqueous solutions

Taís L. Silva, André L. Cazetta, Patrícia S.C. Souza, Tao Zhang, Teddy Asefa, Vitor C. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Denim fabric waste was used as a carbon precursor, and chemically activated with phosphoric acid in the ratio of 1:1 (v:m) under a slow pyrolysis process to obtain activated carbon fibers (ACFs). The chemical and physical properties of the ACFs were investigated from the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), N2 porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Boehm titration method, and point of zero charge (pHPZC). The obtained ACFs showed high yield (53%), BET surface area of 1582 m2 g−1, mesoporous features (average pore diameter of 3.60 nm), and surface acidic properties (pHPZC value of 2.13 and 1.13 mmol g−1 of acidic groups). The ACFs were applied in the removal of textile dye, Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR), from aqueous solution. The adsorption isotherm and kinetic studies showed that adsorption of RBBR on the ACFs were better described by the pseudo-second order kinetic model and the Freundlich equilibrium model. The maximum adsorption capacity of the ACFS for RBBR was determined to be 292 mg g−1, which is higher than other adsorbent materials reported in the literature. The adsorption thermodynamic parameters indicated that adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-490
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2018

Fingerprint

Activated carbon
Adsorbents
Carbon fibers
activated carbon
dye
Textiles
aqueous solution
Dyes
adsorption
Adsorption
kinetics
Kinetics
Phosphoric acid
Titration
Adsorption isotherms
FTIR spectroscopy
pyrolysis
Chemical properties
Surface properties
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Activated carbon fiber
  • Adsorption
  • Denim waste
  • Dye
  • Remazol Brilliant Blue R

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Mesoporous activated carbon fibers synthesized from denim fabric waste : Efficient adsorbents for removal of textile dye from aqueous solutions. / Silva, Taís L.; Cazetta, André L.; Souza, Patrícia S.C.; Zhang, Tao; Asefa, Teddy; Almeida, Vitor C.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 171, 10.01.2018, p. 482-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silva, Taís L. ; Cazetta, André L. ; Souza, Patrícia S.C. ; Zhang, Tao ; Asefa, Teddy ; Almeida, Vitor C. / Mesoporous activated carbon fibers synthesized from denim fabric waste : Efficient adsorbents for removal of textile dye from aqueous solutions. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018 ; Vol. 171. pp. 482-490.
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