Metal-organic framework-based catalysts

Chemical fixation of CO 2 with epoxides leading to cyclic organic carbonates

M. Hassan Beyzavi, Casey J. Stephenson, Yangyang Liu, Olga Karagiaridi, Joseph T Hupp, Omar K. Farha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a C1 feedstock, CO 2 has the potential to be uniquely highly economical in both a chemical and a financial sense. In particular, the highly atom-economical acid-catalyzed cycloaddition of CO 2 to epoxides to yield cyclic organic carbonates (OCs), a functionality having many important industrial applications, is an attractive reaction for the utilization of CO 2 as a chemical feedstock. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising candidates in catalysis as they are a class of crystalline, porous, and functional materials with remarkable properties including great surface area, high stability, open channels, and permanent porosity. MOFs structure tunability and their affinity for CO 2 , makes them great catalysts for the formation of OCs using CO 2 and epoxides. In this review, we examine MOF-based catalytic materials for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to epoxides. Catalysts are grouped based on the location of catalytic sites, i.e., at the struts, nodes, defect sites, or some combination thereof. Additionally, important features of each catalyst system are critically discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
Volume3
Issue numberJAN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Carbonates
Cycloaddition
Feedstocks
Catalysts
Metals
Functional materials
Struts
Catalysis
Industrial applications
Porous materials
Carbon dioxide
Porosity
Crystalline materials
Atoms
Defects
Acids
Catalyst

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide fixation
  • Carbon dioxide utilization
  • Cyclic carbonates
  • Cycloaddition reactions
  • Heterogeneous catalysts
  • Metal-organic frameworks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Metal-organic framework-based catalysts : Chemical fixation of CO 2 with epoxides leading to cyclic organic carbonates. / Beyzavi, M. Hassan; Stephenson, Casey J.; Liu, Yangyang; Karagiaridi, Olga; Hupp, Joseph T; Farha, Omar K.

In: Frontiers in Energy Research, Vol. 3, No. JAN, 63, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Beyzavi, M. Hassan ; Stephenson, Casey J. ; Liu, Yangyang ; Karagiaridi, Olga ; Hupp, Joseph T ; Farha, Omar K. / Metal-organic framework-based catalysts : Chemical fixation of CO 2 with epoxides leading to cyclic organic carbonates. In: Frontiers in Energy Research. 2015 ; Vol. 3, No. JAN.
@article{c3f443ba6c814d399e14ccd980a42216,
title = "Metal-organic framework-based catalysts: Chemical fixation of CO 2 with epoxides leading to cyclic organic carbonates",
abstract = "As a C1 feedstock, CO 2 has the potential to be uniquely highly economical in both a chemical and a financial sense. In particular, the highly atom-economical acid-catalyzed cycloaddition of CO 2 to epoxides to yield cyclic organic carbonates (OCs), a functionality having many important industrial applications, is an attractive reaction for the utilization of CO 2 as a chemical feedstock. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising candidates in catalysis as they are a class of crystalline, porous, and functional materials with remarkable properties including great surface area, high stability, open channels, and permanent porosity. MOFs structure tunability and their affinity for CO 2 , makes them great catalysts for the formation of OCs using CO 2 and epoxides. In this review, we examine MOF-based catalytic materials for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to epoxides. Catalysts are grouped based on the location of catalytic sites, i.e., at the struts, nodes, defect sites, or some combination thereof. Additionally, important features of each catalyst system are critically discussed.",
keywords = "Carbon dioxide fixation, Carbon dioxide utilization, Cyclic carbonates, Cycloaddition reactions, Heterogeneous catalysts, Metal-organic frameworks",
author = "Beyzavi, {M. Hassan} and Stephenson, {Casey J.} and Yangyang Liu and Olga Karagiaridi and Hupp, {Joseph T} and Farha, {Omar K.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3389/fenrg.2014.00063",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Frontiers in Energy Research",
issn = "2296-598X",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",
number = "JAN",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metal-organic framework-based catalysts

T2 - Chemical fixation of CO 2 with epoxides leading to cyclic organic carbonates

AU - Beyzavi, M. Hassan

AU - Stephenson, Casey J.

AU - Liu, Yangyang

AU - Karagiaridi, Olga

AU - Hupp, Joseph T

AU - Farha, Omar K.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - As a C1 feedstock, CO 2 has the potential to be uniquely highly economical in both a chemical and a financial sense. In particular, the highly atom-economical acid-catalyzed cycloaddition of CO 2 to epoxides to yield cyclic organic carbonates (OCs), a functionality having many important industrial applications, is an attractive reaction for the utilization of CO 2 as a chemical feedstock. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising candidates in catalysis as they are a class of crystalline, porous, and functional materials with remarkable properties including great surface area, high stability, open channels, and permanent porosity. MOFs structure tunability and their affinity for CO 2 , makes them great catalysts for the formation of OCs using CO 2 and epoxides. In this review, we examine MOF-based catalytic materials for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to epoxides. Catalysts are grouped based on the location of catalytic sites, i.e., at the struts, nodes, defect sites, or some combination thereof. Additionally, important features of each catalyst system are critically discussed.

AB - As a C1 feedstock, CO 2 has the potential to be uniquely highly economical in both a chemical and a financial sense. In particular, the highly atom-economical acid-catalyzed cycloaddition of CO 2 to epoxides to yield cyclic organic carbonates (OCs), a functionality having many important industrial applications, is an attractive reaction for the utilization of CO 2 as a chemical feedstock. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising candidates in catalysis as they are a class of crystalline, porous, and functional materials with remarkable properties including great surface area, high stability, open channels, and permanent porosity. MOFs structure tunability and their affinity for CO 2 , makes them great catalysts for the formation of OCs using CO 2 and epoxides. In this review, we examine MOF-based catalytic materials for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to epoxides. Catalysts are grouped based on the location of catalytic sites, i.e., at the struts, nodes, defect sites, or some combination thereof. Additionally, important features of each catalyst system are critically discussed.

KW - Carbon dioxide fixation

KW - Carbon dioxide utilization

KW - Cyclic carbonates

KW - Cycloaddition reactions

KW - Heterogeneous catalysts

KW - Metal-organic frameworks

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053646048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053646048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fenrg.2014.00063

DO - 10.3389/fenrg.2014.00063

M3 - Review article

VL - 3

JO - Frontiers in Energy Research

JF - Frontiers in Energy Research

SN - 2296-598X

IS - JAN

M1 - 63

ER -