Metal-organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

N. Scott Bobbitt, Matthew L. Mendonca, Ashlee J. Howarth, Timur Islamoglu, Joseph T Hupp, Omar K. Farha, Randall Q. Snurr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

322 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to the vast diversity of linkers, nodes, and topologies, metal-organic frameworks can be tailored for specific tasks, such as chemical separations or catalysis. Accordingly, these materials have attracted significant interest for capture and/or detoxification of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents. In this paper, we review recent experimental and computational work pertaining to the capture of several industrially-relevant toxic chemicals, including NH3, SO2, NO2, H2S, and some volatile organic compounds, with particular emphasis on the challenging issue of designing materials that selectively adsorb these chemicals in the presence of water. We also examine recent research on the capture and catalytic degradation of chemical warfare agents such as sarin and sulfur mustard using metal-organic frameworks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3357-3385
Number of pages29
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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    Bobbitt, N. S., Mendonca, M. L., Howarth, A. J., Islamoglu, T., Hupp, J. T., Farha, O. K., & Snurr, R. Q. (2017). Metal-organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents. Chemical Society Reviews, 46(11), 3357-3385. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7cs00108h