Metal oxides for optoelectronic applications

Xinge Yu, Tobin J Marks, Antonio Facchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

374 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal oxides (MOs) are the most abundant materials in the Earth's crust and are ingredients in traditional ceramics. MO semiconductors are strikingly different from conventional inorganic semiconductors such as silicon and III-V compounds with respect to materials design concepts, electronic structure, charge transport mechanisms, defect states, thin-film processing and optoelectronic properties, thereby enabling both conventional and completely new functions. Recently, remarkable advances in MO semiconductors for electronics have been achieved, including the discovery and characterization of new transparent conducting oxides, realization of p-type along with traditional n-type MO semiconductors for transistors, p-n junctions and complementary circuits, formulations for printing MO electronics and, most importantly, commercialization of amorphous oxide semiconductors for flat panel displays. This Review surveys the uniqueness and universality of MOs versus other unconventional electronic materials in terms of materials chemistry and physics, electronic characteristics, thin-film fabrication strategies and selected applications in thin-film transistors, solar cells, diodes and memories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-396
Number of pages14
JournalNature Materials
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 23 2016

Fingerprint

Optoelectronic devices
Oxides
metal oxides
Metals
metal oxide semiconductors
electronics
transistors
thin films
Earth crust
flat panel displays
n-type semiconductors
commercialization
oxides
Electronic equipment
uniqueness
p-n junctions
ingredients
printing
Amorphous semiconductors
Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Metal oxides for optoelectronic applications. / Yu, Xinge; Marks, Tobin J; Facchetti, Antonio.

In: Nature Materials, Vol. 15, No. 4, 23.03.2016, p. 383-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu, Xinge ; Marks, Tobin J ; Facchetti, Antonio. / Metal oxides for optoelectronic applications. In: Nature Materials. 2016 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 383-396.
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