Metallacarborane-based metal-organic framework with a complex topology

Robert D. Kennedy, Daniel J. Clingerman, William Morris, Christopher E. Wilmer, Amy A. Sarjeant, Charlotte L. Stern, Michael O'Keeffe, Randall Q. Snurr, Joseph T. Hupp, Omar K. Farha, Chad A. Mirkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The long, linear cobalt(III) bis(dicarbollide)-based bis(isophthalic acid) anion was synthesized as a tetraphenylphosphonium salt in five steps from 8-iodo-closo-1,2-C2B10H11. The solvothermal reaction between the anionic bis(isophthalic acid) linker and copper(II) nitrate in acidified DMF yielded single crystals. Despite the tendency for copper(II) and analogous linear tetraacids to form members of an isoreticular family of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with the fof topology, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the growth of three different frameworks. These MOFs, NU-150, NU-151, and NU-152, have three distinct topologies: fof, sty, and hbk, respectively. NU-152 has a novel quadrinodal topology in which cuboctahedral coordination polyhedra are each connected to 10 neighboring polyhedra via the cobalt bis(dicarbollide) portions of the linkers. The formation of these frameworks illustrates the limitations of structure prediction in MOF chemistry and the possibility of using flexible linkers to generate unexpected topologies. Furthermore, this work represents the first example of the incorporation of an anionic bis(dicarbollide) unit into a MOF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1324-1330
Number of pages7
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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