Microscale distribution and concentration of preserved organic molecules with carbon-carbon double bonds in archaeological ceramics

Relevance to the field of residue analysis

Larisa Goldenberg, Ronny Neumann, Steve Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biologically produced compounds preserved in ancient ceramics can provide invaluable information on the vessel contents. Analysis and interpretation of these so-called archaeological "residues" is therefore important for understanding and reconstructing aspects of social and cultural behaviors of ancient societies. Based on the reaction of unsaturated compounds with iodine, we developed and apply two new methods. The first is a simple and relatively rapid method for assessing the amounts of unsaturated compounds in archaeological ceramics using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). We show that this method is a reliable indicator for assessing the general preservation state of the organic material and therefore a potential pre-screening method for identifying ceramic samples suitable for organic residue analysis. The second complementary approach, based on the same iodine reaction, makes it possible to map the unsaturated molecules on ceramic surfaces at a scale that enables to correlate organic matter distribution and the underlying mineral grains using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) detector. With this method we show that the extent of adsorption of lipids onto ceramic surfaces varies with the surface properties of the different minerals in the ancient ceramic, with calcium containing minerals showing the highest affinity for compounds with unsaturated bonds. The ceramic substrate therefore influences the types of organic compounds bound and hence preserved in the ceramic. Fundamental information obtained using this method is essential for better interpreting molecular assemblages extracted from archaeological ceramics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-518
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Fingerprint

cultural behavior
social behavior
agricultural product
Residue Analysis
Archaeological Ceramics
Carbon
Molecules
energy
interpretation
society
Minerals
Energy
Scanning Electron Microscope
State of Preservation
Vessel
Organic Residue Analysis
Archaeology
Screening
Organic Matter
Calcium

Keywords

  • Archaeological ceramics
  • Iodine vapor
  • Organic-mineral interactions
  • Residue analysis
  • SEM
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

@article{f3e29bf456a446378b73073ff66227d7,
title = "Microscale distribution and concentration of preserved organic molecules with carbon-carbon double bonds in archaeological ceramics: Relevance to the field of residue analysis",
abstract = "Biologically produced compounds preserved in ancient ceramics can provide invaluable information on the vessel contents. Analysis and interpretation of these so-called archaeological {"}residues{"} is therefore important for understanding and reconstructing aspects of social and cultural behaviors of ancient societies. Based on the reaction of unsaturated compounds with iodine, we developed and apply two new methods. The first is a simple and relatively rapid method for assessing the amounts of unsaturated compounds in archaeological ceramics using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). We show that this method is a reliable indicator for assessing the general preservation state of the organic material and therefore a potential pre-screening method for identifying ceramic samples suitable for organic residue analysis. The second complementary approach, based on the same iodine reaction, makes it possible to map the unsaturated molecules on ceramic surfaces at a scale that enables to correlate organic matter distribution and the underlying mineral grains using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) detector. With this method we show that the extent of adsorption of lipids onto ceramic surfaces varies with the surface properties of the different minerals in the ancient ceramic, with calcium containing minerals showing the highest affinity for compounds with unsaturated bonds. The ceramic substrate therefore influences the types of organic compounds bound and hence preserved in the ceramic. Fundamental information obtained using this method is essential for better interpreting molecular assemblages extracted from archaeological ceramics.",
keywords = "Archaeological ceramics, Iodine vapor, Organic-mineral interactions, Residue analysis, SEM, XRF",
author = "Larisa Goldenberg and Ronny Neumann and Steve Weiner",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.025",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "509--518",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microscale distribution and concentration of preserved organic molecules with carbon-carbon double bonds in archaeological ceramics

T2 - Relevance to the field of residue analysis

AU - Goldenberg, Larisa

AU - Neumann, Ronny

AU - Weiner, Steve

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - Biologically produced compounds preserved in ancient ceramics can provide invaluable information on the vessel contents. Analysis and interpretation of these so-called archaeological "residues" is therefore important for understanding and reconstructing aspects of social and cultural behaviors of ancient societies. Based on the reaction of unsaturated compounds with iodine, we developed and apply two new methods. The first is a simple and relatively rapid method for assessing the amounts of unsaturated compounds in archaeological ceramics using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). We show that this method is a reliable indicator for assessing the general preservation state of the organic material and therefore a potential pre-screening method for identifying ceramic samples suitable for organic residue analysis. The second complementary approach, based on the same iodine reaction, makes it possible to map the unsaturated molecules on ceramic surfaces at a scale that enables to correlate organic matter distribution and the underlying mineral grains using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) detector. With this method we show that the extent of adsorption of lipids onto ceramic surfaces varies with the surface properties of the different minerals in the ancient ceramic, with calcium containing minerals showing the highest affinity for compounds with unsaturated bonds. The ceramic substrate therefore influences the types of organic compounds bound and hence preserved in the ceramic. Fundamental information obtained using this method is essential for better interpreting molecular assemblages extracted from archaeological ceramics.

AB - Biologically produced compounds preserved in ancient ceramics can provide invaluable information on the vessel contents. Analysis and interpretation of these so-called archaeological "residues" is therefore important for understanding and reconstructing aspects of social and cultural behaviors of ancient societies. Based on the reaction of unsaturated compounds with iodine, we developed and apply two new methods. The first is a simple and relatively rapid method for assessing the amounts of unsaturated compounds in archaeological ceramics using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). We show that this method is a reliable indicator for assessing the general preservation state of the organic material and therefore a potential pre-screening method for identifying ceramic samples suitable for organic residue analysis. The second complementary approach, based on the same iodine reaction, makes it possible to map the unsaturated molecules on ceramic surfaces at a scale that enables to correlate organic matter distribution and the underlying mineral grains using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) detector. With this method we show that the extent of adsorption of lipids onto ceramic surfaces varies with the surface properties of the different minerals in the ancient ceramic, with calcium containing minerals showing the highest affinity for compounds with unsaturated bonds. The ceramic substrate therefore influences the types of organic compounds bound and hence preserved in the ceramic. Fundamental information obtained using this method is essential for better interpreting molecular assemblages extracted from archaeological ceramics.

KW - Archaeological ceramics

KW - Iodine vapor

KW - Organic-mineral interactions

KW - Residue analysis

KW - SEM

KW - XRF

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890895611&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890895611&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.025

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.025

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 509

EP - 518

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

IS - 1

ER -