Microstructure and thermoelectric properties of mechanically robust PbTe-Si eutectic composites

Joseph R. Sootsman, Jiaqing He, Vinayak P. Dravid, Sedat Ballikaya, Derek Vermeulen, Ctirad Uher, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The microstructure and thermoelectric properties of the PbTe-Si eutectic system are presented in detail. When rapidly quenched from the melt this system yields materials with thermoelectric properties similar to PbTe itself but with improved mechanical properties. Doping optimization was performed using PbI 2 as an n-type dopant giving precise control of the thermoelectric properties. Electron microscopy indicates that the PbTe-Si system is both a nanocomposite and microcomposite. Despite the added Si, the thermal conductivity of this composite follows closely that of PbTe. The temperature dependence of the Lorenz number was estimated, and it shows a significant departure from the value of metals (L0) reaching only 45% of L0 at 650 K. The optimized ZT for the PbTe-Si(8%) eutectic was 0.9 at 675 K. The improved mechanical robustness of these composites makes them attractive for use in large scale thermoelectric device fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-875
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 9 2010

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Eutectics
Doping (additives)
Microstructure
Composite materials
Electron microscopy
Thermal conductivity
Nanocomposites
Metals
Fabrication
Mechanical properties
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Microstructure and thermoelectric properties of mechanically robust PbTe-Si eutectic composites. / Sootsman, Joseph R.; He, Jiaqing; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Ballikaya, Sedat; Vermeulen, Derek; Uher, Ctirad; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, No. 3, 09.02.2010, p. 869-875.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sootsman JR, He J, Dravid VP, Ballikaya S, Vermeulen D, Uher C et al. Microstructure and thermoelectric properties of mechanically robust PbTe-Si eutectic composites. Chemistry of Materials. 2010 Feb 9;22(3):869-875. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9016672
Sootsman, Joseph R. ; He, Jiaqing ; Dravid, Vinayak P. ; Ballikaya, Sedat ; Vermeulen, Derek ; Uher, Ctirad ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Microstructure and thermoelectric properties of mechanically robust PbTe-Si eutectic composites. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2010 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 869-875.
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