Microstructure of Laser-Fired, Sol-Gel-Derived Tungsten Oxide Films

D. J. Taylor, J. P. Cronin, L. F. Allard, Dunbar P Birnie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Half-micron-thick tungsten oxide films were deposited by the sol-gel method onto indium tin oxide (ITO) coated soda lime silicate substrates. Following a 100 °C prebake, the samples were fired with a carbon dioxide laser at a variety of power densities and translation speeds. The laser-fired tungsten oxide films were characterized by spectrophotometry, electrochemistry, multiangle ellipsometry, and transmission electron microscopy and compared to similar furnace-fired films. The data showed an increase in electrochromic response with increased firing temperature up to the point where crystallization of the tungsten oxide retarded electrochromic response. A window with graded electrochromic properties was made by laser firing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1396-1401
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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