Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function

Maria Pierantoni, Ron Tenne, Batel Rephael, Vlad Brumfeld, Adam van Casteren, Kornelius Kupczik, Dan Oron, Lia Addadi, Steve Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ficus trees are adapted to diverse environments and have some of the highest rates of photosynthesis among trees. Ficus leaves can deposit one or more of the three major mineral types found in leaves: amorphous calcium carbonate cystoliths, calcium oxalates, and silica phytoliths. In order to better understand the functions of these minerals and the control that the leaf exerts over mineral deposition, we investigated leaves from 10 Ficus species from vastly different environments (Rehovot, Israel; Bologna, Italy; Issa Valley, Tanzania; and Ngogo, Uganda). We identified the mineral locations in the soft tissues, the relative distributions of the minerals, and mineral volume contents using microcomputed tomography. Each Ficus species is characterized by a unique 3D mineral distribution that is preserved in different environments. The mineral distribution patterns are generally different on the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf. All species examined have abundant calcium oxalate deposits around the veins. We used micromodulated fluorimetry to examine the effect of cystoliths on photosynthetic efficiency in two species having cystoliths abaxially and adaxially (Ficus microcarpa) or only abaxially (Ficus carica). In F. microcarpa, both adaxial and abaxial cystoliths efficiently contributed to light redistribution inside the leaf and, hence, increased photosynthetic efficiency, whereas in F. carica, the abaxial cystoliths did not increase photosynthetic efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1763
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Ficus
bladder calculi
Minerals
Urinary Bladder Calculi
minerals
leaves
Ficus microcarpa
Carica
Ficus carica
Calcium Oxalate
calcium oxalate
phytoliths
bologna
micro-computed tomography
X-Ray Microtomography
Fluorometry
fluorometry
Uganda
Tanzania
Calcium Carbonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Pierantoni, M., Tenne, R., Rephael, B., Brumfeld, V., van Casteren, A., Kupczik, K., ... Weiner, S. (2018). Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function. Plant Physiology, 176(2), 1751-1763. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01516

Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves : Morphologies and locations in relation to function. / Pierantoni, Maria; Tenne, Ron; Rephael, Batel; Brumfeld, Vlad; van Casteren, Adam; Kupczik, Kornelius; Oron, Dan; Addadi, Lia; Weiner, Steve.

In: Plant Physiology, Vol. 176, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 1751-1763.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pierantoni, M, Tenne, R, Rephael, B, Brumfeld, V, van Casteren, A, Kupczik, K, Oron, D, Addadi, L & Weiner, S 2018, 'Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function', Plant Physiology, vol. 176, no. 2, pp. 1751-1763. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01516
Pierantoni M, Tenne R, Rephael B, Brumfeld V, van Casteren A, Kupczik K et al. Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function. Plant Physiology. 2018 Feb 1;176(2):1751-1763. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.01516
Pierantoni, Maria ; Tenne, Ron ; Rephael, Batel ; Brumfeld, Vlad ; van Casteren, Adam ; Kupczik, Kornelius ; Oron, Dan ; Addadi, Lia ; Weiner, Steve. / Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves : Morphologies and locations in relation to function. In: Plant Physiology. 2018 ; Vol. 176, No. 2. pp. 1751-1763.
@article{ef1ebaeb54a041019eaab20656f76ab9,
title = "Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function",
abstract = "Ficus trees are adapted to diverse environments and have some of the highest rates of photosynthesis among trees. Ficus leaves can deposit one or more of the three major mineral types found in leaves: amorphous calcium carbonate cystoliths, calcium oxalates, and silica phytoliths. In order to better understand the functions of these minerals and the control that the leaf exerts over mineral deposition, we investigated leaves from 10 Ficus species from vastly different environments (Rehovot, Israel; Bologna, Italy; Issa Valley, Tanzania; and Ngogo, Uganda). We identified the mineral locations in the soft tissues, the relative distributions of the minerals, and mineral volume contents using microcomputed tomography. Each Ficus species is characterized by a unique 3D mineral distribution that is preserved in different environments. The mineral distribution patterns are generally different on the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf. All species examined have abundant calcium oxalate deposits around the veins. We used micromodulated fluorimetry to examine the effect of cystoliths on photosynthetic efficiency in two species having cystoliths abaxially and adaxially (Ficus microcarpa) or only abaxially (Ficus carica). In F. microcarpa, both adaxial and abaxial cystoliths efficiently contributed to light redistribution inside the leaf and, hence, increased photosynthetic efficiency, whereas in F. carica, the abaxial cystoliths did not increase photosynthetic efficiency.",
author = "Maria Pierantoni and Ron Tenne and Batel Rephael and Vlad Brumfeld and {van Casteren}, Adam and Kornelius Kupczik and Dan Oron and Lia Addadi and Steve Weiner",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1104/pp.17.01516",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "1751--1763",
journal = "Plant Physiology",
issn = "0032-0889",
publisher = "American Society of Plant Biologists",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves

T2 - Morphologies and locations in relation to function

AU - Pierantoni, Maria

AU - Tenne, Ron

AU - Rephael, Batel

AU - Brumfeld, Vlad

AU - van Casteren, Adam

AU - Kupczik, Kornelius

AU - Oron, Dan

AU - Addadi, Lia

AU - Weiner, Steve

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Ficus trees are adapted to diverse environments and have some of the highest rates of photosynthesis among trees. Ficus leaves can deposit one or more of the three major mineral types found in leaves: amorphous calcium carbonate cystoliths, calcium oxalates, and silica phytoliths. In order to better understand the functions of these minerals and the control that the leaf exerts over mineral deposition, we investigated leaves from 10 Ficus species from vastly different environments (Rehovot, Israel; Bologna, Italy; Issa Valley, Tanzania; and Ngogo, Uganda). We identified the mineral locations in the soft tissues, the relative distributions of the minerals, and mineral volume contents using microcomputed tomography. Each Ficus species is characterized by a unique 3D mineral distribution that is preserved in different environments. The mineral distribution patterns are generally different on the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf. All species examined have abundant calcium oxalate deposits around the veins. We used micromodulated fluorimetry to examine the effect of cystoliths on photosynthetic efficiency in two species having cystoliths abaxially and adaxially (Ficus microcarpa) or only abaxially (Ficus carica). In F. microcarpa, both adaxial and abaxial cystoliths efficiently contributed to light redistribution inside the leaf and, hence, increased photosynthetic efficiency, whereas in F. carica, the abaxial cystoliths did not increase photosynthetic efficiency.

AB - Ficus trees are adapted to diverse environments and have some of the highest rates of photosynthesis among trees. Ficus leaves can deposit one or more of the three major mineral types found in leaves: amorphous calcium carbonate cystoliths, calcium oxalates, and silica phytoliths. In order to better understand the functions of these minerals and the control that the leaf exerts over mineral deposition, we investigated leaves from 10 Ficus species from vastly different environments (Rehovot, Israel; Bologna, Italy; Issa Valley, Tanzania; and Ngogo, Uganda). We identified the mineral locations in the soft tissues, the relative distributions of the minerals, and mineral volume contents using microcomputed tomography. Each Ficus species is characterized by a unique 3D mineral distribution that is preserved in different environments. The mineral distribution patterns are generally different on the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf. All species examined have abundant calcium oxalate deposits around the veins. We used micromodulated fluorimetry to examine the effect of cystoliths on photosynthetic efficiency in two species having cystoliths abaxially and adaxially (Ficus microcarpa) or only abaxially (Ficus carica). In F. microcarpa, both adaxial and abaxial cystoliths efficiently contributed to light redistribution inside the leaf and, hence, increased photosynthetic efficiency, whereas in F. carica, the abaxial cystoliths did not increase photosynthetic efficiency.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041751754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041751754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1104/pp.17.01516

DO - 10.1104/pp.17.01516

M3 - Article

C2 - 29242376

AN - SCOPUS:85041751754

VL - 176

SP - 1751

EP - 1763

JO - Plant Physiology

JF - Plant Physiology

SN - 0032-0889

IS - 2

ER -