The new ternary copper selenide NaCu4Se3 crystallizes in the RbCd4As3 structure type with the trigonal space group R3m and lattice constants a = 4.0316(4) Å and c = 31.438(8) Å. Its structure is built from two-dimensional slabs of 2/∞[Cu4Se3] separated by Na+ cations. The compound is formally mixed-valent with Se2-/Se- atoms and exhibits metallic properties. It is a hole conductor with an electrical conductivity of ∼300 S cm-1 at room temperature and a thermopower of ∼10 μV K-1. Hall effect measurements indicate holes as the dominant carrier with a concentration of ∼6.12(1) × 1021 cm-3 at 300 K. Density functional theory electronic structure calculations indicate p-type metallic behavior for the 2/∞[Cu4Se3] framework, which is in a good agreement with the experimental metallic conductivity and Pauli paramagnetism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry