Modular time division multiplexer: Efficient simultaneous characterization of fast and slow transients in multiple samples

Stephan D. Kim, Jiajun Luo, D. Bruce Buchholz, Robert P. H. Chang, M. Grayson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A modular time division multiplexer (MTDM) device is introduced to enable parallel measurement of multiple samples with both fast and slow decay transients spanning from millisecond to month-long time scales. This is achieved by dedicating a single high-speed measurement instrument for rapid data collection at the start of a transient, and by multiplexing a second low-speed measurement instrument for slow data collection of several samples in parallel for the later transients. The MTDM is a high-level design concept that can in principle measure an arbitrary number of samples, and the low cost implementation here allows up to 16 samples to be measured in parallel over several months, reducing the total ensemble measurement duration and equipment usage by as much as an order of magnitude without sacrificing fidelity. The MTDM was successfully demonstrated by simultaneously measuring the photoconductivity of three amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide thin films with 20 ms data resolution for fast transients and an uninterrupted parallel run time of over 20 days. The MTDM has potential applications in many areas of research that manifest response times spanning many orders of magnitude, such as photovoltaics, rechargeable batteries, amorphous semiconductors such as silicon and amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093904
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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