Molecular structure and transport dynamics in perfluoro sulfonyl imide membranes

Nagesh Idupulapati, Ram Devanathan, Michel Dupuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a detailed and comprehensive analysis from classical molecular dynamics simulations of the nanostructure of a model of hydrated perfluoro sulfonyl imide (PFSI) membrane, a polymeric system of interest as a proton conductor in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. We also report on the transport dynamics of water and hydronium ions, and water network percolation in this system. We find that the water network percolation threshold for PFSI, i.e.the threshold at which a consistent spanning water network starts to develop in the membrane, is found to occur between hydration levels (λ) 6 and 7. The higher acidity of the sulfonyl imide acid group of PFSI compared to the sulfonic acid group in Nafion, as computationally characterized in our earlier abinitio study (Idupulapati et al 2010 J. Phys. Chem.A 114 6904-12), results in a larger fraction of 'free' hydronium ions at low hydration levels in PFSI compared to Nafion. However, the calculated diffusion coefficients of the H 3O+ ions and H2O molecules as a function the hydration level are observed to be almost the same as that of Nafion, indicating similar conductivity and consistent with experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234106
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume23
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Imides
imides
Molecular structure
molecular structure
Hydration
membranes
Membranes
hydronium ions
hydration
Water
Ions
water
Acids
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Acidity
thresholds
Sulfonic Acids
sulfonic acid
Molecular dynamics
Nanostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Molecular structure and transport dynamics in perfluoro sulfonyl imide membranes. / Idupulapati, Nagesh; Devanathan, Ram; Dupuis, Michel.

In: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, Vol. 23, No. 23, 234106, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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