Monolayer to multilayer nanostructural growth transition in N-type oligothiophenes on Au(111) and implications for organic field-effect transistor performance

Geetha R. Dholakia, M. Meyyappan, Antonio Facchetti, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The evolution in growth morphology and molecular orientation of n-type semiconducting α,ω-diperfluorohexyl-quaterthiophene (DFH-4T) on Au(111) is investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy as the film thickness is increased from one monolayer to multilayers. Monolayer-thick DFH-4T films are amorphous and morphologically featureless with a large pit density, whereas multilayer films exhibit drastically different terraced structures consisting of overlapping platelets. Large changes in DFH-4T molecular orientation are observed on transitioning from two to four monolayers. Parallel electrical characterization of top-versus-bottom contact configuration DFH-4T FETs with Au source/drain electrodes reveals greatly different mobilities (μTOP = 1.1 ± 0.2 10-2 cm2V-1s-1 versus μBOTTOM = 2.3 ± 0.5 10-5 cm2V -1V-1) and contact resistances (RC-TOP = 4-12 MΩcm vs RC-BOTTOM > 1 GΩcm). This study provides important information on the organic semiconductor-source\drain electrode interfaces and explains why top-contact OFET devices typically have superior performance. By direct visualization, it demonstrates that the DFH-4T film growth transition from monolayer to multilayer on Au is accompanied by dramatic morphology and molecular orientation changes, starting from an amorphous, pitted, and disordered monolayer, to crystalline and smooth bi/tetralayers but with the molecules reoriented by 90°. These chemisorption-derived inhomogenities at the contact-molecule interface and the large monolayer → multilayer → bulk microstructural changes are in accord with the large bottom-contact device resistance and poor OFET performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2447-2455
Number of pages9
JournalNano Letters
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Organic field effect transistors
Monolayers
Multilayers
field effect transistors
Molecular orientation
electrodes
organic semiconductors
contact resistance
platelets
chemisorption
scanning tunneling microscopy
molecules
film thickness
Electrodes
Molecules
Semiconducting organic compounds
scanning
Multilayer films
Scanning tunneling microscopy
Amorphous films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Monolayer to multilayer nanostructural growth transition in N-type oligothiophenes on Au(111) and implications for organic field-effect transistor performance. / Dholakia, Geetha R.; Meyyappan, M.; Facchetti, Antonio; Marks, Tobin J.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 6, No. 11, 11.2006, p. 2447-2455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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