Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films

Brendan T. O'Connor, Obadiah G. Reid, Xinran Zhang, R. Joseph Kline, Lee J. Richter, David J. Gundlach, Dean M. Delongchamp, Michael F. Toney, Nikos Kopidakis, Gary Rumbles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphological origin of anisotropic charge transport in uniaxially strain aligned poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) films is investigated. The macroscale field effect mobility anisotropy is measured in an organic thin film transistor (OTFT) configuration and compared to the local aggregate P3HT mobility anisotropy determined using time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) measurements. The field effect mobility anisotropy in highly aligned P3HT films is substantially higher than the local mobility anisotropy in the aggregate P3HT. This difference is attributed to preferentially aligned polymer tie-chains at grain boundaries that contribute to macroscale charge transport anisotropy but not the local anisotropy. The formation of sharp grains between oriented crystalline P3HT, through tie chain removal by thermal annealing the strained aligned films, results in an order of magnitude drop in the measured field effect mobility for charge transport parallel to the strain direction. The field effect mobility anisotropy is cut in half while the local mobility anisotropy remains relatively constant. The local mobility anisotropy is found to be surprisingly low in the aligned films, suggesting that the π-π stacking direction supports charge carrier mobility on the same order of magnitude as that in the intrachain direction, possibly due to poor intrachain mobility through chain torsion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3422-3431
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 11 2014

Fingerprint

Charge transfer
Anisotropy
Thin films
anisotropy
Polymers
thin films
polythiophene
Carrier mobility
Thin film transistors
carrier mobility
Charge carriers
Torsional stress
torsion
charge carriers
Grain boundaries
transistors
grain boundaries
Microwaves
poly(3-hexylthiophene)
Annealing

Keywords

  • conducting polymers
  • organic electronics
  • organic field-effect transistors
  • P3HT
  • polymer alignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Electrochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

O'Connor, B. T., Reid, O. G., Zhang, X., Kline, R. J., Richter, L. J., Gundlach, D. J., ... Rumbles, G. (2014). Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films. Advanced Functional Materials, 24(22), 3422-3431. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201303351

Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films. / O'Connor, Brendan T.; Reid, Obadiah G.; Zhang, Xinran; Kline, R. Joseph; Richter, Lee J.; Gundlach, David J.; Delongchamp, Dean M.; Toney, Michael F.; Kopidakis, Nikos; Rumbles, Gary.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, No. 22, 11.06.2014, p. 3422-3431.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

O'Connor, BT, Reid, OG, Zhang, X, Kline, RJ, Richter, LJ, Gundlach, DJ, Delongchamp, DM, Toney, MF, Kopidakis, N & Rumbles, G 2014, 'Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 24, no. 22, pp. 3422-3431. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201303351
O'Connor BT, Reid OG, Zhang X, Kline RJ, Richter LJ, Gundlach DJ et al. Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films. Advanced Functional Materials. 2014 Jun 11;24(22):3422-3431. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201303351
O'Connor, Brendan T. ; Reid, Obadiah G. ; Zhang, Xinran ; Kline, R. Joseph ; Richter, Lee J. ; Gundlach, David J. ; Delongchamp, Dean M. ; Toney, Michael F. ; Kopidakis, Nikos ; Rumbles, Gary. / Morphological origin of charge transport anisotropy in aligned polythiophene thin films. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 22. pp. 3422-3431.
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