Multi-walled carbon nanotubes experiencing electrical breakdown as gas sensors

Jaehyun Chung, Kyong Hoon Lee, Junghoon Lee, Diego Troya, George C Schatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to gas sensing using a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) subject to electrical breakdown. The electrical resistances of large-diameter MWCNTs were found to decrease in the presence of air after experiencing electrical breakdown, while pristine MWCNTs were not appreciably sensitive. The sensitivity could be controlled by manipulating the level of the electrical breakdown, and larger-diameter MWCNTs showed better sensitivity because they possess more damaged shells that can create more adsorption sites for oxygen molecules. It was suggested by theoretical calculations that the oxygen sensitivity might be associated with an oxidized junction that exists between the outer and inner shells of the nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1596-1602
Number of pages7
JournalNanotechnology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Chemical sensors
electrical faults
Carbon nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
Oxygen
Acoustic impedance
sensitivity
sensors
gases
Nanotubes
Gases
oxygen
electrical resistance
Adsorption
Molecules
nanotubes
Air
adsorption
air

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes experiencing electrical breakdown as gas sensors. / Chung, Jaehyun; Lee, Kyong Hoon; Lee, Junghoon; Troya, Diego; Schatz, George C.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 15, No. 11, 11.2004, p. 1596-1602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chung, Jaehyun ; Lee, Kyong Hoon ; Lee, Junghoon ; Troya, Diego ; Schatz, George C. / Multi-walled carbon nanotubes experiencing electrical breakdown as gas sensors. In: Nanotechnology. 2004 ; Vol. 15, No. 11. pp. 1596-1602.
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