Nanoelectrical and Nanoelectrochemical Imaging of Pt/p-Si and Pt/p+-Si Electrodes

Jingjing Jiang, Zhuangqun Huang, Chengxiang Xiang, Rakesh Poddar, Hans Joachim Lewerenz, Kimberly M. Papadantonakis, Nathan S. Lewis, Bruce S. Brunschwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interfacial properties of electrolessly deposited Pt nanoparticles (Pt-NPs) on p-Si and p+-Si electrodes were investigated on the nanometer scale using a combination of scanning probe methods. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) showed highly dispersed Pt-NPs with diameters of 20–150 nm on the Si surface. Conductive AFM measurements showed that only approximately half of the particles exhibited measurable contact currents, with a factor of 103 difference in current observed between particles at a given bias. Local current–voltage measurements revealed a rectifying junction with a resistance ≥10 MΩ at the Pt-NP/p-Si interface, whereas the Pt-NP/p+-Si samples formed an ohmic junction with a local resistance ≥1 MΩ. The particles were strongly attached to the sample surface in air. However, in an electrolyte, the adhesion of the particles to the surface was substantially lower, and most of the particles had tip-contact currents that varied by a factor of approximately 10. Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) showed smaller but more uniform electrochemical currents for the particles relative to the currents observed by conductive AFM. In accord with the conductive AFM measurements, the SECM measurements showed conductance through the substrate for only a minority of the particles. These results suggest that the electrochemical performance of the electrolessly deposited Pt nanoparticles on Si can be ascribed to: 1) The high resistance of the contact between the particles and the substrate, 2) the low (<50 %) fraction of particles that support high currents, and 3) the low adhesion of the particles to the surface when in contact with the electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4657-4663
Number of pages7
JournalChemSusChem
Volume10
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 23 2017

Keywords

  • afm
  • electrochemistry
  • energy conversion
  • interface
  • secm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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