Nanoporous delafossite CuAlO2 from inorganic/polymer double gels: A desirable high-surface-area p-type transparent electrode material

Barun Das, Adęle Renaud, Alex M. Volosin, Lei Yu, Nathan Newman, Dong Kyun Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoporous structures of a p-type semiconductor, delafossite CuAlO2, with a high crystallinity have been fabricated through an inorganic/polymer double-gel process and characterized for the first time via Mott-Schottky measurements. The effect of the precursor concentration, calcination temperature, and atmosphere were examined to achieve high crystallinity and photoelectrochemical properties while maximizing the porosity. The optical properties of the nanoporous CuAlO2 are in good agreement with the literature with an optical band gap of 3.9 eV, and the observed high electrical conductivity and hole concentrations conform to highly crystalline and well-sintered nanoparticles observed in the product. The Mott-Schottky plot from the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies indicates a flat-band potential of 0.49 V versus Ag/AgCl. It is concluded that CuAlO2 exhibits band energies very close to those of NiO but with electrical properties very desirable in the fabrication of photoelectrochemical devices including dye-sensitized solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1100-1108
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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