Nanoscale covalent self-assembly approach to enhancing anode/hole-transport layer interfacial stability and charge injection efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes

Ji Cui, Qinglan Huang, Qingwu Wang, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The integrity of electrode/organic interfacial contact is shown to be crucial to the performance and stability of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this contribution, vapor-deposited lipophilic, hole-transporting N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (TPD) films are shown to undergo dewetting on indium tin oxide (ITO) anode surfaces under mild heating. An effective approach to minimize this interfacial decohesion effect is by small hole transport molecule self-assembly on the anode surface. Thus, conformal N(p-C6H4CH2CH2CH2SiCl 3)3 (TAA)-based monolayers can be covalently self-assembled from solution onto hydroxylated ITO surfaces. The resulting nanometer-scale-thick TAA layers (∼11 Å/layer) prevent dewetting of the vapor-deposited TPD hole transport layers. Furthermore, ITO/(TAA)n/TPD/Alq/Al structured OLED devices fabricated with these modified ITO-TPD interfaces exhibit, as a function of n, reduced turn-on voltages as well as considerably higher luminous intensities and thermal stabilities compared to bare ITO-based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2051-2054
Number of pages4
JournalLangmuir
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2001

Fingerprint

Charge injection
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
Tin oxides
indium oxides
Indium
Self assembly
tin oxides
self assembly
Temperature programmed desorption
Anodes
anodes
light emitting diodes
injection
drying
Vapors
vapors
diamines
integrity
luminous intensity
Monolayers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Nanoscale covalent self-assembly approach to enhancing anode/hole-transport layer interfacial stability and charge injection efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes. / Cui, Ji; Huang, Qinglan; Wang, Qingwu; Marks, Tobin J.

In: Langmuir, Vol. 17, No. 7, 03.04.2001, p. 2051-2054.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{27f3bb427bd44d67bed7f289f057bba8,
title = "Nanoscale covalent self-assembly approach to enhancing anode/hole-transport layer interfacial stability and charge injection efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes",
abstract = "The integrity of electrode/organic interfacial contact is shown to be crucial to the performance and stability of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this contribution, vapor-deposited lipophilic, hole-transporting N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (TPD) films are shown to undergo dewetting on indium tin oxide (ITO) anode surfaces under mild heating. An effective approach to minimize this interfacial decohesion effect is by small hole transport molecule self-assembly on the anode surface. Thus, conformal N(p-C6H4CH2CH2CH2SiCl 3)3 (TAA)-based monolayers can be covalently self-assembled from solution onto hydroxylated ITO surfaces. The resulting nanometer-scale-thick TAA layers (∼11 {\AA}/layer) prevent dewetting of the vapor-deposited TPD hole transport layers. Furthermore, ITO/(TAA)n/TPD/Alq/Al structured OLED devices fabricated with these modified ITO-TPD interfaces exhibit, as a function of n, reduced turn-on voltages as well as considerably higher luminous intensities and thermal stabilities compared to bare ITO-based devices.",
author = "Ji Cui and Qinglan Huang and Qingwu Wang and Marks, {Tobin J}",
year = "2001",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1021/la010158c",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "2051--2054",
journal = "Langmuir",
issn = "0743-7463",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nanoscale covalent self-assembly approach to enhancing anode/hole-transport layer interfacial stability and charge injection efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes

AU - Cui, Ji

AU - Huang, Qinglan

AU - Wang, Qingwu

AU - Marks, Tobin J

PY - 2001/4/3

Y1 - 2001/4/3

N2 - The integrity of electrode/organic interfacial contact is shown to be crucial to the performance and stability of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this contribution, vapor-deposited lipophilic, hole-transporting N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (TPD) films are shown to undergo dewetting on indium tin oxide (ITO) anode surfaces under mild heating. An effective approach to minimize this interfacial decohesion effect is by small hole transport molecule self-assembly on the anode surface. Thus, conformal N(p-C6H4CH2CH2CH2SiCl 3)3 (TAA)-based monolayers can be covalently self-assembled from solution onto hydroxylated ITO surfaces. The resulting nanometer-scale-thick TAA layers (∼11 Å/layer) prevent dewetting of the vapor-deposited TPD hole transport layers. Furthermore, ITO/(TAA)n/TPD/Alq/Al structured OLED devices fabricated with these modified ITO-TPD interfaces exhibit, as a function of n, reduced turn-on voltages as well as considerably higher luminous intensities and thermal stabilities compared to bare ITO-based devices.

AB - The integrity of electrode/organic interfacial contact is shown to be crucial to the performance and stability of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this contribution, vapor-deposited lipophilic, hole-transporting N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine (TPD) films are shown to undergo dewetting on indium tin oxide (ITO) anode surfaces under mild heating. An effective approach to minimize this interfacial decohesion effect is by small hole transport molecule self-assembly on the anode surface. Thus, conformal N(p-C6H4CH2CH2CH2SiCl 3)3 (TAA)-based monolayers can be covalently self-assembled from solution onto hydroxylated ITO surfaces. The resulting nanometer-scale-thick TAA layers (∼11 Å/layer) prevent dewetting of the vapor-deposited TPD hole transport layers. Furthermore, ITO/(TAA)n/TPD/Alq/Al structured OLED devices fabricated with these modified ITO-TPD interfaces exhibit, as a function of n, reduced turn-on voltages as well as considerably higher luminous intensities and thermal stabilities compared to bare ITO-based devices.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035799442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035799442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/la010158c

DO - 10.1021/la010158c

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035799442

VL - 17

SP - 2051

EP - 2054

JO - Langmuir

JF - Langmuir

SN - 0743-7463

IS - 7

ER -