Novel hybrid materials containing silicate and charged oligo(p-phenylene vinylene) (OPV) amphiphiles were fabricated in one step by spin casting using evaporation-induced self assembly. The conjugated segments were substituted with trimethylammonium bromide groups at both termini, and tetraethyl orthosilicate served as the silicate precursor. X-ray diffraction scans of the hybrid films revealed Bragg diffraction peaks with d-spacings of 2.76 and 1.37 nm, indicating the presence of order in the hybrid structure. Optical properties of the hybrid films were characterized by UV-vis absorption and fluorescence spectra, and molecular orientation was characterized by IR spectroscopy. A rhodamine B derivative containing a triethoxysilane group was covalently incorporated into the silicate network of the films during the sol-gel reaction. Relative to disordered polymer films with identical organic composition, the ordered hybrid films revealed significantly enhanced emission from rhodamine B and also fluorescence quenching from OPV segments. These results indicate that the ordered and nanostructured environment leads to highly efficient energy transfer among organic components in these hybrid films.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry