Near-surface channel impedance measurements, open-circuit impedance spectra, and differential capacitance vs potential measurements of the fermi level position at Si/CH3CN contacts

Florian Gstrein, David J. Michalak, David W. Knapp, Nathan S Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Near-surface channel impedance measurements, open-circuit impedance spectra, and differential capacitance vs potential measurements have been used to determine the barrier height of liquid contacts formed with n-type and p-type Si electrodes. Barrier heights were measured as the redox potential, E(A/A -), of a metallocene-based, one-electron, outer-sphere, acceptor/donor (A/A-) pair was varied in CH3CN solvent. The barrier heights of p-Si(111) electrodes in contact with CH 3CN-Me10Fc+/0 (where Me10Fc is decamethylferrocene) or CH3CN-CoCp2 +/0 (where CoCp2 is cobaltocene) were 0.69±0.1 and 1.1±0.1 V respectively. In contrast, barrier heights for n-Si(111)/CH3CN- Me10Fc+/0 and n-Si(111)/CH3CN-CoCp 2 +/0 contacts were 0.66 ± 0.1 and 0.09 ± 0.01 V, respectively. These measurements indicate that the barrier heights closely track changes in the electrochemical potential of the contact, instead of being relatively invariant to changes in the Fermi level of the contacting phase, as is observed for Si/metal Schottky barriers. These measurements also demonstrate that the low effective surface recombination velocity, S, for silicon in contact with CoCp2 +/0 is primarily the result of an accumulation layer rather than solely being due to a low density of surface electrical defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8120-8127
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2007

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impedance measurement
Fermi level
Capacitance
capacitance
impedance
Networks (circuits)
Electrodes
Silicon
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
electrodes
Metals
Defects
Electrons
Liquids
methylidyne
defects
silicon
liquids
metals
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Near-surface channel impedance measurements, open-circuit impedance spectra, and differential capacitance vs potential measurements of the fermi level position at Si/CH3CN contacts. / Gstrein, Florian; Michalak, David J.; Knapp, David W.; Lewis, Nathan S.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 111, No. 22, 07.06.2007, p. 8120-8127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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