Net-zero emissions energy systems

Steven J. Davis, Nathan S Lewis, Matthew Shaner, Sonia Aggarwal, Doug Arent, Inês L. Azevedo, Sally M. Benson, Thomas Bradley, Jack Brouwer, Yet Ming Chiang, Christopher T.M. Clack, Armond Cohen, Stephen Doig, Jae Edmonds, Paul Fennell, Christopher B. Field, Bryan Hannegan, Bri Mathias Hodge, Martin I. Hoffert, Eric Ingersoll & 12 others Paulina Jaramillo, Klaus S. Lackner, Katharine J. Mach, Michael Mastrandrea, Joan Ogden, Per F. Peterson, Daniel L. Sanchez, Daniel Sperling, Joseph Stagner, Jessika E. Trancik, Chi Jen Yang, Ken Caldeira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Som e energy services and industrial processes-such as long-distance freight transport, air travel, highly reliable electricity, and steel and cement manufacturing-are particularly difficult to provide without adding carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Rapidly growing demand for these services, combined with long lead times for technology development and long lifetimes of energy infrastructure, make decarbonization of these services both essential and urgent.We examine barriers and opportunities associated with these difficult-to-decarbonize services and processes, including possible technological solutions and research and development priorities. A range of existing technologies could meet future demands for these services and processes without net addition of CO2 to the atmosphere, but their use may depend on a combination of cost reductions via research and innovation, as well as coordinated deployment and integration of operations across currently discrete energy industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaas9793
JournalScience
Volume360
Issue number6396
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 29 2018

Fingerprint

Decarbonization
Cost reduction
Carbon dioxide
Cements
Electricity
Innovation
Steel
Air
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Davis, S. J., Lewis, N. S., Shaner, M., Aggarwal, S., Arent, D., Azevedo, I. L., ... Caldeira, K. (2018). Net-zero emissions energy systems. Science, 360(6396), [eaas9793]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aas9793

Net-zero emissions energy systems. / Davis, Steven J.; Lewis, Nathan S; Shaner, Matthew; Aggarwal, Sonia; Arent, Doug; Azevedo, Inês L.; Benson, Sally M.; Bradley, Thomas; Brouwer, Jack; Chiang, Yet Ming; Clack, Christopher T.M.; Cohen, Armond; Doig, Stephen; Edmonds, Jae; Fennell, Paul; Field, Christopher B.; Hannegan, Bryan; Hodge, Bri Mathias; Hoffert, Martin I.; Ingersoll, Eric; Jaramillo, Paulina; Lackner, Klaus S.; Mach, Katharine J.; Mastrandrea, Michael; Ogden, Joan; Peterson, Per F.; Sanchez, Daniel L.; Sperling, Daniel; Stagner, Joseph; Trancik, Jessika E.; Yang, Chi Jen; Caldeira, Ken.

In: Science, Vol. 360, No. 6396, eaas9793, 29.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Davis, SJ, Lewis, NS, Shaner, M, Aggarwal, S, Arent, D, Azevedo, IL, Benson, SM, Bradley, T, Brouwer, J, Chiang, YM, Clack, CTM, Cohen, A, Doig, S, Edmonds, J, Fennell, P, Field, CB, Hannegan, B, Hodge, BM, Hoffert, MI, Ingersoll, E, Jaramillo, P, Lackner, KS, Mach, KJ, Mastrandrea, M, Ogden, J, Peterson, PF, Sanchez, DL, Sperling, D, Stagner, J, Trancik, JE, Yang, CJ & Caldeira, K 2018, 'Net-zero emissions energy systems', Science, vol. 360, no. 6396, eaas9793. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aas9793
Davis SJ, Lewis NS, Shaner M, Aggarwal S, Arent D, Azevedo IL et al. Net-zero emissions energy systems. Science. 2018 Jun 29;360(6396). eaas9793. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aas9793
Davis, Steven J. ; Lewis, Nathan S ; Shaner, Matthew ; Aggarwal, Sonia ; Arent, Doug ; Azevedo, Inês L. ; Benson, Sally M. ; Bradley, Thomas ; Brouwer, Jack ; Chiang, Yet Ming ; Clack, Christopher T.M. ; Cohen, Armond ; Doig, Stephen ; Edmonds, Jae ; Fennell, Paul ; Field, Christopher B. ; Hannegan, Bryan ; Hodge, Bri Mathias ; Hoffert, Martin I. ; Ingersoll, Eric ; Jaramillo, Paulina ; Lackner, Klaus S. ; Mach, Katharine J. ; Mastrandrea, Michael ; Ogden, Joan ; Peterson, Per F. ; Sanchez, Daniel L. ; Sperling, Daniel ; Stagner, Joseph ; Trancik, Jessika E. ; Yang, Chi Jen ; Caldeira, Ken. / Net-zero emissions energy systems. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 360, No. 6396.
@article{2e44b0c62113449ea49d8c415abef5eb,
title = "Net-zero emissions energy systems",
abstract = "Som e energy services and industrial processes-such as long-distance freight transport, air travel, highly reliable electricity, and steel and cement manufacturing-are particularly difficult to provide without adding carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Rapidly growing demand for these services, combined with long lead times for technology development and long lifetimes of energy infrastructure, make decarbonization of these services both essential and urgent.We examine barriers and opportunities associated with these difficult-to-decarbonize services and processes, including possible technological solutions and research and development priorities. A range of existing technologies could meet future demands for these services and processes without net addition of CO2 to the atmosphere, but their use may depend on a combination of cost reductions via research and innovation, as well as coordinated deployment and integration of operations across currently discrete energy industries.",
author = "Davis, {Steven J.} and Lewis, {Nathan S} and Matthew Shaner and Sonia Aggarwal and Doug Arent and Azevedo, {In{\^e}s L.} and Benson, {Sally M.} and Thomas Bradley and Jack Brouwer and Chiang, {Yet Ming} and Clack, {Christopher T.M.} and Armond Cohen and Stephen Doig and Jae Edmonds and Paul Fennell and Field, {Christopher B.} and Bryan Hannegan and Hodge, {Bri Mathias} and Hoffert, {Martin I.} and Eric Ingersoll and Paulina Jaramillo and Lackner, {Klaus S.} and Mach, {Katharine J.} and Michael Mastrandrea and Joan Ogden and Peterson, {Per F.} and Sanchez, {Daniel L.} and Daniel Sperling and Joseph Stagner and Trancik, {Jessika E.} and Yang, {Chi Jen} and Ken Caldeira",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1126/science.aas9793",
language = "English",
volume = "360",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "6396",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Net-zero emissions energy systems

AU - Davis, Steven J.

AU - Lewis, Nathan S

AU - Shaner, Matthew

AU - Aggarwal, Sonia

AU - Arent, Doug

AU - Azevedo, Inês L.

AU - Benson, Sally M.

AU - Bradley, Thomas

AU - Brouwer, Jack

AU - Chiang, Yet Ming

AU - Clack, Christopher T.M.

AU - Cohen, Armond

AU - Doig, Stephen

AU - Edmonds, Jae

AU - Fennell, Paul

AU - Field, Christopher B.

AU - Hannegan, Bryan

AU - Hodge, Bri Mathias

AU - Hoffert, Martin I.

AU - Ingersoll, Eric

AU - Jaramillo, Paulina

AU - Lackner, Klaus S.

AU - Mach, Katharine J.

AU - Mastrandrea, Michael

AU - Ogden, Joan

AU - Peterson, Per F.

AU - Sanchez, Daniel L.

AU - Sperling, Daniel

AU - Stagner, Joseph

AU - Trancik, Jessika E.

AU - Yang, Chi Jen

AU - Caldeira, Ken

PY - 2018/6/29

Y1 - 2018/6/29

N2 - Som e energy services and industrial processes-such as long-distance freight transport, air travel, highly reliable electricity, and steel and cement manufacturing-are particularly difficult to provide without adding carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Rapidly growing demand for these services, combined with long lead times for technology development and long lifetimes of energy infrastructure, make decarbonization of these services both essential and urgent.We examine barriers and opportunities associated with these difficult-to-decarbonize services and processes, including possible technological solutions and research and development priorities. A range of existing technologies could meet future demands for these services and processes without net addition of CO2 to the atmosphere, but their use may depend on a combination of cost reductions via research and innovation, as well as coordinated deployment and integration of operations across currently discrete energy industries.

AB - Som e energy services and industrial processes-such as long-distance freight transport, air travel, highly reliable electricity, and steel and cement manufacturing-are particularly difficult to provide without adding carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Rapidly growing demand for these services, combined with long lead times for technology development and long lifetimes of energy infrastructure, make decarbonization of these services both essential and urgent.We examine barriers and opportunities associated with these difficult-to-decarbonize services and processes, including possible technological solutions and research and development priorities. A range of existing technologies could meet future demands for these services and processes without net addition of CO2 to the atmosphere, but their use may depend on a combination of cost reductions via research and innovation, as well as coordinated deployment and integration of operations across currently discrete energy industries.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049595574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049595574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.aas9793

DO - 10.1126/science.aas9793

M3 - Review article

VL - 360

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6396

M1 - eaas9793

ER -