New aspects of photophysics of semiconductor nanocrystals from the perspective of solar energy conversion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This presentation reviews some of our work on novel nanostructured materials and new nanoscale phenomena related to the problem of high-efficiency conversion of solar light into electrical or chemical energy. One topic of discussion will be the photophysics of new infrared-active nanocrystals such as colloidal germanium quantum dots and composite PbSe/CdSe/CdS nanopartices optimized for producing efficient charge separation, which results in extremely long, tens-of-microsecond carrier lifetimes. I will also describe our work on "active" nanoplasmonic structures, in which we combine semiconductor nanocrystals with nanoscale metals. We use these hybrid structures to exploit plasmonic effects for enhancing the range of excitonic transport and controlling carrier dynamics in semiconductor nanocrystals. Finally, I will review the status of research on carrier multiplication (multiple exciton generation by single photons) and describe some of the challenges concerning experimental measurements of multiexciton yields and understanding of the mechanisms for multiexciton generation and competing energy relaxation processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2010Aug 26 2010

Other

Other240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/22/108/26/10

Fingerprint

Energy conversion
Nanocrystals
Solar energy
Semiconductor materials
Germanium
Carrier lifetime
Relaxation processes
Nanostructured materials
Excitons
Semiconductor quantum dots
Conversion efficiency
Photons
Metals
Infrared radiation
Composite materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

New aspects of photophysics of semiconductor nanocrystals from the perspective of solar energy conversion. / Klimov, Victor I.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Klimov, VI 2010, New aspects of photophysics of semiconductor nanocrystals from the perspective of solar energy conversion. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition, Boston, MA, United States, 8/22/10.
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