New directions for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2: Supramolecular, scCO2 or biphasic ionic liquid-ScCO2 systems

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Abstract

There is an urgent need for the discovery of carbon-neutral sources of energy to avoid the consequences of global warming caused by ever-increasing atmospheric CO2 levels. An attractive possibility is to use CO 2 captured from industrial emissions as a feedstock for the production of useful fuels and precursors such as carbon monoxide and methanol. An active field of research to achieve this goal is the development of catalysts capable of harnessing solar energy for use in artificial photosynthetic processes for CO2 reduction. Transition-metal complexes are excellent candidates, and it has already been shown that they can be used to reduce CO2 with high quantum efficiency. However, they generally suffer from poor visible light absorption, short catalyst lifetimes, and poor reaction rates. In this Perspective, the field of photocatalytic CO2 reduction is introduced, and recent developments that seek to improve the efficiency of such catalytic processes are highlighted, especially CO2 reduction with supramolecules and molecular systems in supercritical CO2 (scCO2) or biphasic ionic liquid-ScCO2 mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2709-2718
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume1
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 16 2010

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Ionic Liquids
Ionic liquids
Carbon Monoxide
liquids
Industrial emissions
catalysts
Catalysts
global warming
Coordination Complexes
solar energy
Global warming
Metal complexes
electromagnetic absorption
Quantum efficiency
Carbon monoxide
carbon monoxide
Solar energy
Light absorption
Feedstocks
Reaction rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "There is an urgent need for the discovery of carbon-neutral sources of energy to avoid the consequences of global warming caused by ever-increasing atmospheric CO2 levels. An attractive possibility is to use CO 2 captured from industrial emissions as a feedstock for the production of useful fuels and precursors such as carbon monoxide and methanol. An active field of research to achieve this goal is the development of catalysts capable of harnessing solar energy for use in artificial photosynthetic processes for CO2 reduction. Transition-metal complexes are excellent candidates, and it has already been shown that they can be used to reduce CO2 with high quantum efficiency. However, they generally suffer from poor visible light absorption, short catalyst lifetimes, and poor reaction rates. In this Perspective, the field of photocatalytic CO2 reduction is introduced, and recent developments that seek to improve the efficiency of such catalytic processes are highlighted, especially CO2 reduction with supramolecules and molecular systems in supercritical CO2 (scCO2) or biphasic ionic liquid-ScCO2 mixtures.",
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