Inorganic-organic hybrid mesoporous materials were prepared by cocrystallization of a "sandwich" type polyoxometalate, [ZnWZn 2(H2O)2(ZnW9O34) 2]12-, and branched tripodal organic polyammonium salts, tris[2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl]-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate or 1,3,5-tris[4-(N,N,N-trimethylammonium-ethylcarboxyl)phenyl]benzene trications. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed formation of three-dimensional perforated coral-shaped amorphous materials with the organic cations surrounding polyoxometalate anions. N 2 sorption analysis showed that the hybrid materials have a BET surface area of ∼30-50 m2 g-1 and an average pore diameter of 36 Å leading to the classification of these materials as mesoporous materials with moderate surface areas. These hybrid materials behaved as very effective and selective heterogeneous catalysts for the epoxidation of allylic alcohols and oxidation of secondary alcohols to ketones with hydrogen peroxide as oxidant. The activity and selectivity of the heterogeneous catalysts based on the hybrid materials was similar to those of homogeneous catalysts based on the same [ZnWZn2(H2O) 2(ZnW9O34)2]12- polyoxometalate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry