New quaternary compounds resulting from the reaction of copper and f-block metals in molten polychalcogenide salts at intermediate temperatures. Valence fluctuations in the layered CsCuCeS3

Anthony C. Sutorik, Joyce Albritton-Thomas, Tim Hogan, Carl R. Kannewurf, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

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Abstract

From the reaction of elemental copper and either lanthanides or actinides in molten alkali metal/polychalcogenide salts, several new quaternary phases have been discovered. Specifically, these phases are ACuM2Q6 (where A = K, M = La, Q = S; A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = Ce, Q = Se) and ACuMQ3 (where A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = U, Q = Se). The CsCuCe2S6 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Immm with a = 5.500-(1) Å, b = 22.45(1) Å, c = 4.205(4) Å. The KCuCe2Se6 is isostructural. The CsCuCeS3 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm with a = 4.024(2) Å, b = 15.154(2) Å, c = 10.353(3) Å. The KCuUSe3 is isostructural. In ACuM2Q6, the lanthanides bond to a mixture of mono- and disulfides in a bicapped trigonal prismatic geometry; these polyhedra subsequently connect in two dimensions, forming layers equivalent to those seen in the ZrSe3 structure type with Cu+ atoms residing in tetrahedral sites within the layers and alkali cations in the interlayer gallery. The compounds of the formula ACuMQ3 also possess a layered structure. Here the [MQ6] octahedral units form corrugated, two-dimensional sheets via edge-sharing in the first dimension and corner-sharing in the second. Copper cations are coordinated to tetrahedral sites in the folds of the corrugations, and alkali cations are again in the intergallery region. Details of the synthesis, structure, and properties of these compounds are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-761
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996

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Cations
Molten materials
Copper
Lanthanoid Series Elements
Salts
Positive ions
Metals
Alkalies
Rare earth elements
Actinoid Series Elements
Alkali Metals
Actinides
Alkali metals
Disulfides
Temperature
Atoms
Geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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New quaternary compounds resulting from the reaction of copper and f-block metals in molten polychalcogenide salts at intermediate temperatures. Valence fluctuations in the layered CsCuCeS3. / Sutorik, Anthony C.; Albritton-Thomas, Joyce; Hogan, Tim; Kannewurf, Carl R.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 8, No. 3, 03.1996, p. 751-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "New quaternary compounds resulting from the reaction of copper and f-block metals in molten polychalcogenide salts at intermediate temperatures. Valence fluctuations in the layered CsCuCeS3",
abstract = "From the reaction of elemental copper and either lanthanides or actinides in molten alkali metal/polychalcogenide salts, several new quaternary phases have been discovered. Specifically, these phases are ACuM2Q6 (where A = K, M = La, Q = S; A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = Ce, Q = Se) and ACuMQ3 (where A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = U, Q = Se). The CsCuCe2S6 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Immm with a = 5.500-(1) {\AA}, b = 22.45(1) {\AA}, c = 4.205(4) {\AA}. The KCuCe2Se6 is isostructural. The CsCuCeS3 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm with a = 4.024(2) {\AA}, b = 15.154(2) {\AA}, c = 10.353(3) {\AA}. The KCuUSe3 is isostructural. In ACuM2Q6, the lanthanides bond to a mixture of mono- and disulfides in a bicapped trigonal prismatic geometry; these polyhedra subsequently connect in two dimensions, forming layers equivalent to those seen in the ZrSe3 structure type with Cu+ atoms residing in tetrahedral sites within the layers and alkali cations in the interlayer gallery. The compounds of the formula ACuMQ3 also possess a layered structure. Here the [MQ6] octahedral units form corrugated, two-dimensional sheets via edge-sharing in the first dimension and corner-sharing in the second. Copper cations are coordinated to tetrahedral sites in the folds of the corrugations, and alkali cations are again in the intergallery region. Details of the synthesis, structure, and properties of these compounds are discussed.",
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N2 - From the reaction of elemental copper and either lanthanides or actinides in molten alkali metal/polychalcogenide salts, several new quaternary phases have been discovered. Specifically, these phases are ACuM2Q6 (where A = K, M = La, Q = S; A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = Ce, Q = Se) and ACuMQ3 (where A = Cs, M = Ce, Q = S; or A = K, M = U, Q = Se). The CsCuCe2S6 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Immm with a = 5.500-(1) Å, b = 22.45(1) Å, c = 4.205(4) Å. The KCuCe2Se6 is isostructural. The CsCuCeS3 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm with a = 4.024(2) Å, b = 15.154(2) Å, c = 10.353(3) Å. The KCuUSe3 is isostructural. In ACuM2Q6, the lanthanides bond to a mixture of mono- and disulfides in a bicapped trigonal prismatic geometry; these polyhedra subsequently connect in two dimensions, forming layers equivalent to those seen in the ZrSe3 structure type with Cu+ atoms residing in tetrahedral sites within the layers and alkali cations in the interlayer gallery. The compounds of the formula ACuMQ3 also possess a layered structure. Here the [MQ6] octahedral units form corrugated, two-dimensional sheets via edge-sharing in the first dimension and corner-sharing in the second. Copper cations are coordinated to tetrahedral sites in the folds of the corrugations, and alkali cations are again in the intergallery region. Details of the synthesis, structure, and properties of these compounds are discussed.

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