Nickel diffusion and silicide island formation on silicon (111)

J. T. Mayer, E. Garfunkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Crystalline nickel disilicide islands have been observed on the Si(111) surface by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The nickel disilicide islands coalesce following a high temperature anneal (≈1260K). The islands differ from those formed at lower temperature in both shape and orientation. To explain the differences, we discuss kinetically limited growth accompanying phase and surface segregation of Ni from the bulk silicon wafer, and condensation of a Ni-rich NiSi2-x liquid phase at the surface. Condensation from the liquid phase to NiSi2 is concluded to be responsible for the structure of the crystallites. High temperature growth conditions lead preferentially to A-type (non-twinned) silicide structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalNanostructured Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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