Ni(III)/(IV) Bis(dicarbollide) as a fast, noncorrosive redox shuttle for dye-sensitized solar cells

Tina C. Li, Alexander M. Spokoyny, Chunxing She, Omar K. Farha, Chad A. Mirkin, Tobin J. Marks, Joseph T. Hupp

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Nickel bis(dicarbollide) is used as a fast, one-electron outer sphere redox couple in dye-sensitized solar cells. Device performances with this anionic shuttle are investigated with different electrolyte concentrations and additives, using only 0.030 M of the Ni(III) bis(dicarbollide) to efficiently regenerate the ruthenium dye. Atomic layer deposition of Al2O 3 on the nanoparticulate TiO2 photoanodes is further used to improve device performances, increasing current densities almost 2-fold and attaining power conversion efficiencies 10× greater than its metallocene analogue, ferrocene/ferrocenium. Open-circuit voltage decay is used to probe the kinetics of the Ni(III)/(IV) bis(dicarbollide) redox couple, and electron interception is found to be 103 slower than ferrocene/ferrocenium, explaining the large discrepancy in open-circuit voltage potentials between these two redox shuttles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4580-4582
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Apr 7 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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