Non-exponential Length Dependence of Conductance in Iodide-Terminated Oligothiophene Single-Molecule Tunneling Junctions

Limin Xiang, Thomas Hines, Julio L. Palma, Xuefeng Lu, Vladimiro Mujica, Mark A Ratner, Gang Zhou, Nongjian Tao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An exponential decrease of molecular conductance with length has been observed in most molecular systems reported to date, and has been taken as a signature of non-resonant tunneling as the conduction mechanism. Surprisingly, the conductance of iodide-terminated oligothiophene molecules presented herein does not follow the simple exponential length dependence. The lack of temperature dependence in the conductance indicates that tunneling still dominates the conduction mechanism in the molecules. Transition voltage spectroscopy shows that the tunneling barrier of the oligothiophene decreases with length, but the decrease is insufficient to explain the non-exponential length dependence. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, stretching length measurement, and theoretical calculations show that the non-exponential length dependence is due to a transition in the binding geometry of the molecule to the electrodes in the molecular junctions as the length increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-687
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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