Nongovernmental valorization of carbon dioxide

Gene Petersen, Donn Viviani, Kim Magrini-Bair, Stephen Kelley, Luc Moens, Phil Shepherd, Dan DuBois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon dioxide (CO2) is considered the largest contributor to the greenhouse gas effect. Most attempts to manage the flow of CO2 or carbon into our environment involve reducing net emissions or sequestering the gas into long-lived sinks. Using CO2 as a chemical feedstock has a long history, but using it on scales that might impact the net emissions of CO2 into the atmosphere has not generally been considered seriously. There is also a growing interest in employing our natural biomes of carbon such as trees, vegetation, and soils as storage media. Some amelioration of the net carbon emissions into the atmosphere could be achieved by concomitant large withdrawals of carbon. This report surveys the potential and limitations in employing carbon as a resource for organic chemicals, fuels, inorganic materials, and in using the biome to manage carbon. The outlook for each of these opportunities is also described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-182
Number of pages24
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2005


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon storage in biomass and soils
  • Chemicals and minerals
  • Fuels
  • Managing carbon
  • Storage of carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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