Nonlinear active materials: An illustration of controllable phase matchability

Hongcheng Lu, Romain Gautier, Martin D. Donakowski, T. Thao Tran, Bryce W. Edwards, Juan C. Nino, P. Shiv Halasyamani, Zhengtang Liu, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


For a crystal to exhibit nonlinear optical (NLO) activity such as second-harmonic generation (SHG), it must belong to a noncentrosymmetric (NCS) space group. Moreover, for these nonlinear optical (NLO) materials to be suitable for practical uses, the synthesized crystals should be phase-matchable (PM). Previous synthetic research into SHG-active crystals has centered on (i) how to create NCS compounds and/or (ii) how to obtain NCS compounds with high SHG efficiencies. With these tactics, one can synthesize a material with a high SHG efficiency, but the material could be unusable if the material was nonphase-matchable (non-PM). To probe the origin of phase matchability of NCS structures, we present two new chemically similar hybrid compounds within one composition space: (I) [Hdpa]2NbOF5·2H2O and (II) HdpaNbOF4 (dpa = 2,2′-dipyridylamine). Both compounds are NCS and chemically similar, but (I) is non-PM while (II) is PM. Our results indicate - consistent with organic crystallography - the arrangement of the organic molecule within hybrid materials dictates whether the material is PM or non-PM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11942-11950
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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