Nonlinear optical properties of p-nitroaniline: An ab initio time-dependent coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock study

Shashi P. Karna, Paras N. Prasad, Michel Dupuis

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176 Citations (Scopus)


For p-nitroaniline the ab initio method with a double-zeta basis set which includes semidiffuse polarization functions has been, used to calculate the dipole moment μ, frequency-dependent linear polarizability α, and nonlinear hyperpolarizabilities β and γ using the time-dependent coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock approach. The computation procedure used here yields information on the dispersion behavior of all the tensor components of polarizability and various hyperpolarizability terms. The largest dispersion effect is observed for the diagonal components of the polarizability and hyperpolarizability tensors along the long in-plane axis. The magnitudes of the various hyperpolarizability terms which describe the various second-order nonlinear processes show the following trend: β(-2ω;ω,ω) > β(0;ω, - ω) = β(-ω;0,ω) > β(0;0,0), with β(-2ω;ω,ω) exhibiting the largest frequency dispersion. The various second hyperpolarizability terms which describe the various third-order nonlinear optical processes show the following trend: γ(-3ω;ω,ω,ω) > γ(-2ω;0, ω,ω) > γ(-ω;ω, - ω,ω) > γ(-ω;0,0,ω) ≈ γ(0;0,ω, - ω) > γ(0;0,0,0). Again γ(-3ω;ω,ω,ω) shows the largest dispersion effect. The results of existing semiempirical calculations on p-nitroaniline are compared with that of the present ab initio calculation, and the problem due to the arbitrary parametrization procedure adopted in the past for semiempirical calculation is discussed. The computed values of the first resonance energy, the dipole moment, and the polarizability are in good agreement with the respective values experimentally observed, within the spread of the existing experimental data. In contrast, the computed β and γ values are considerably smaller than the respective experimentally determined values. We attribute this discrepancy to two sources. First, in the theoretical calculation electron correlation has been neglected, and the basis set used, although large, may not still be adequate. Second, there is a considerable spread in the reported experimental values for a given nonlinear coefficient making any comparison between the theory and the experiment difficult.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171-1181
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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