A new route to periodic mesoporous aminosilicas (PMAs) that contain amine functional groups in the framework of a mesoporous network is reported. The materials are prepared via thermal ammonolysis of periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) under a flow of ammonia gas. PMOs integrate similar or even higher quantities of nitrogen-containing groups upon ammonolysis than similarly treated ordered mesoporous silicas (MCM-41). The quantity of amine groups introduced into the materials was found to depend strongly on the ammonolysis temperature. The largest loading of amine groups was obtained when a well-ordered cubic methylene PMO material without prior vacuum-drying was thermolyzed in ammonia. The ordered mesoporosity of PMOs was preserved during the ammonolysis with only a slight decrease in the mesopore size and the degree of mesostructural ordering. The extent of substitution of framework oxygen by amine and nitride groups was established by solid-state 29Si CP-MAS, 29Si MAS, 15N MAS, and 13C CP-MAS NMR spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In some cases, methylene and methyl functional groups were also present in the PMAs along with amine functional groups, as inferred from elemental analysis and gas adsorption, particularly in cases where PMOs were subjected to ammonolysis at 400 and 550°C for several hours. This resulted in new multifunctional mesoporous organoaminosilica nanomaterials with properties that could be tuned by systematically varying the relative amounts of hydrophilic amine and hydrophobic hydrocarbon pendent and framework groups. The stability upon storage was found to be much higher for PMAs obtained from PMOs than for those obtained from MCM-41 silicas under the same conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry